Arizona, which is shortly mentioned as AZ, is one of the 50 states of the United States, situated in the southwestern part of the United States. Arizona is one among the Four Corners states of the United States. It has boundaries with Utah, New Mexico, California, Nevada and Mexico, and a common single point with the southwestern bend of Colorado. The border of Arizona with Mexico is 389 miles long, on the northern boundary of the states of Mexico, such as Baja California and Sonora. Arizona is the 15th most heavily populated and the 5th most extensive state of the total 50 United States.
Arizona was the 48th state admitted to the union on the 14th of February 1912. The total land area of Arizona is 113,595 square miles, which offers the state an area rank of 6 out of the available 50 states in the United States. In addition, water surface occupies 396 square miles of the total area of the state within its boundaries. There is a total of 15 counties in Arizona among which the La Paz County was the most recent county formed in the state.
Consistent with 2010 United States Census information, the population of Arizona was 509,600,000. Among the counties of the Arizona State, Maricopa County is ranked as the most populous county with the population of 3,817,117, and Greenlee County is ranked as the least populous county with the population of 8,437.
As of 2010, there are 10 State Electoral Votes in Arizona. The State Quarter issue Date of Arizona is June 2, 2008. “Ditat Deus” is the state motto of Arizona.
The nickname of Arizona is The Grand Canyon State and the Copper State. The name of the state bird of Arizona is Cactus wren. The Parkinsonia floridais the state tree of Arizona, and Saguaro is the state flower. Phoenix is the state capital of Arizona. Maricopa County is the biggest of all cities in Arizona by population, and in total land area the Phoenix city ranks first. Tucson is the oldest city in Arizona.
Initially, the entire Arizona State was served by the area code 602. Then in 1995, the Arizona was divided into two parts such that the Maricopa County was allotted with the area code 602, and the rest of cities of Arizona were allotted with the area code 520. Then in 1999 the Maricopa County was alienated into area codes, such as 480, 620 and 623.
Arizona is renowned for its desert type of weather in its southern part, with extremely hot summers and gentle winters. The northern part of the state includes pine forests, spruce trees and Douglas fir. The Colorado Plateau includes the San Francisco Mountains, including large, profound canyons, with much more reasonable summer temperatures and considerable winter snowfalls. There are ski options in the areas of Alpine, Flagstaff and Tucson. Besides the Grand Canyon National Park, there are numerous national parks, national forests and national tombstones.