Tucson is a city in the state of Arizona, which is one among the 50 states in the United States of America. It is also the county seat of the Pima County of Arizona and an abode to the Arizona University. The Pima County forms part of the bigger Tucson-Nogales collective statistical region, with a total inhabitants of 980,263, according to the 2010 Census. Tucson City is the second-biggest inhabited city in the Arizona State. The Tucson City is situated 174 km (108 miles) southeast of the Phoenix City and 97 km (60 miles) north of the Mexico-United States border. The city is the thirty-third major city and the fifty-ninth major metropolitan area in the country. Approximately 150 Tucson businesses are engaged in the design and production of optics and optoelectronics systems, making the Tucson city to earn the nickname, Optics Valley. The Tucson City includes major suburbs, such as Marana and Oro Valley on the northwestern part of the city, Sahuarita in the southern part of the city, and South Tucson in a south enclave of the business district.
The Tucson City has both temperate winters and hot summers. Tucson is approximately wetter and cooler at all times than other cities in Arizona due to its higher elevation. The city has a desert type of weather, with two most important seasons, winter and summer, in addition to three minor seasons, such as spring, fall, and the monsoon. The city averages 299.7 mm (11.8 inches) of rain per year, which is more than nearly all other locations with desert types of weather, but it still meets the criteria because of its elevated evaporation transpiration.
The Tucson City is an abode to the oldest University of Arizona, which was established during 1885. It is the second major university in the Arizona state in terms of registration of more than 36,000 students. Mostly, the students of the Tucson neighborhood go to public schools, located in the Unified School District of Tuscan, which has the second maximum registration of any school district in the state. There are as well, several publicly funded licensed schools with a dedicated curriculum. The Tucson High School had the maximum registration of any secondary school in the country during 1956, with a total of over 6,800 students. The facility runs on a double-shift basis when construction was going on in two other high schools, which opened within a year to teach kids in the quickly thriving Tucson population.
Much of the economic growth of the Tucson City has been centered on the growth of the University of Arizona that is presently the second principal employer in the city. The Air Force Base, Davis-Monthan, which is situated on the southeastern border of the city, also offers several jobs for Tucson inhabitants. Its presence and the existence of the Army Intelligence Center of the United States have led to the growth of a considerable amount of high-tech industries, as well as government service providers, in the city. The Tucson City is also a chief hub for Sunset Route, the Union Pacific Railroad, which connects the Los Angeles harbors to the Southeastern parts of the country.