Phoenix is the capital city of the Arizona State, and it is the biggest city in the state. The city is the most heavily populated capital city in the United States, in addition to the 6th most crowded city in the country. Additionally, the city is the province seat of Maricopa County and it is one among the biggest cities in the country by land area.
The Phoenix City was incorporated as a city in the union during 1881. The city is situated in the northeastern part of the Sonoran Desert, and it has a subtropical desert type of weather. In spite of this, the canal system of the city led to a flourishing farming community, several of the original crops enduring vital parts of the Phoenix market for decades. Actually, the driving forces of the of Phoenix's economy include Cattle, Cotton, Citrus, Copper and Climate, which are called as the 5Cs of the city that remained until after the Second World War, when the high tech industries started to shift into the valley.
The rate of growth of the population of the Phoenix metro region has been almost 4 percent per year for the preceding 40 years. Though that growth rate declined during the Great Recession, it has previously begun to bounce back. Being close to the hub of the state, the Phoenix city is the jumping off spot for a variety of attractions in the Sun Valley, in addition to the rest of the Arizona State.
The Phoenix City has a subtropical desert type of weather of the Sonoran Desert in which it situates. The city has very warm winters and hot summers. On average, there are 107 days yearly with a minimum high of 38 C (100 F), including the majority days from late May to early October. Highs go up to 43 C (110 F) a mean of 18 days in the year. Nearly all deserts experience extreme variations between day and night temperatures, but Phoenix does not undergo such variations, owing to the city heat island effect. As the city has extended, mean summer low temperatures have been increasing steadily.
The Phoenix’s early economy was focused chiefly on farming and natural resources, depending chiefly on cattle, copper, climate, citrus and cotton. As soon as the Salt River Scheme was finished, generally, the city and the valley, started to grow more swiftly, owing to a currently reasonably reliable resource of water. Led by farming, the leading crop during the 1910s was alfalfa, pursued by cotton, citrus, and other crops, with approximately a 1/4th million acres under farming by the middle part of the decade.
In the Phoenix city, the public education is offered by 29 school districts. The city contains 21 elementary school districts, which include more than 215 elementary schools, and they are matched with four high school districts that have a sum of 31 high schools serving the Phoenix City. The Union High School District of the Phoenix City is one among the major high school districts in the nation, holding 16 schools and almost 3,000 workers. The Phoenix City is also served by an increasing number of charter schools, as well, with more than 30 schools functioning currently in the city.
The Phoenix City is served by Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport, which is one among the ten most hectic airports in the country, serving more than 110,000 citizens on more than 1000 flights for each day.
The Phoenix Union Station was served by Amtrak pending 1996 when the Union Pacific Railroad was susceptible to abandon the path between Arizona, Yuma, and Phoenix. Amtrak redirected trains to Maricopa, 48 km (30 miles) south of the Phoenix city center, where travelers can embark the Sunset Limited route between Los Angeles and New Orleans and the Texas Eagle route between Los Angeles and San Antonio-Chicago.
Valley Metro, the combined public brand of the regional transportation system in and around the cities Arizona and Phoenix, and the metropolitan region, offers public transportation all through the city area, by means of its buses, trains, and a travel-share program.