The Wichita City is the biggest city in the Kansas State and it is the forty-ninth biggest city in the United States of America. The city is situated in south-central part of the Kansas State on the banks of the Arkansas River. It is also the county seat of the Sedgwick County and the major city of the Wichita urban area.
The Wichita City was used as a trading place during the 1860s on the Chisholm Trail, and later it was included in 1870. It then became an important end for cattle drives, roving north from Texas to contact railroads. This makes the city to get “Cowtown” as a nickname. During the 1920s and 1930s, aeronautical engineers and businessmen established many flourishing aircraft manufacturing businesses in the Wichita City, including Cessna, Beechcraft, and Stearman Aircraft. The city has become an important hub of the aircraft manufacture of the United States and became recognized as "The Air Capital of the World". Nowadays, Cessna, Beechcraft, and other companies including Airbus, Learjet, and Spirit AeroSystems carry on to function design and manufacturing centers in the Wichita City, and the city continues to be a chief center of the aircraft industry of the United States.
As an industrial center and the biggest city in the state, the Wichita City is an area hub of media, culture, and trade. It hosts a number of large theatres, museums, parks, and amusement venues, particularly the Intrust Bank Arena. Among numerous universities situated in the city, the Wichita State University is the third major university in the state. The Wichita Eagle, the daily newspaper of the city has the maximum circulation of any newspaper in the Kansas State, and the Wichita broadcast TV market contributes to two-thirds of the western part of the state. The Wichita City is also an abode to two huge shopping centers, such as Towne West Square and Towne East Square, in addition to Wichita Dwight D Eisenhower National Airport, the major airport of the Kansas State and the Century II Performing Arts and Convention Center of the state.
The Wichita City situates in the northern boundaries of the moist subtropical weather zone of North America, naturally experiencing burning, humid summers and chilly, dry winters. The standard temperature in the city is 13.8 C (56.9 F). The monthly daily normal temperature over the course of a year ranges from 0.1 C (32.2 F) in January to 27.3 C (81.1 F) in July. The high temperature of the city attains or goes beyond 32 C (90 F) a mean of 62 days in a year and 38 C (100 F) a mean of 12 days in a year. The City’s minimum temperature will drop to or less than −12 C (10 F) on a mean of 8.5 days in a year.
The Wichita Public Schools, which is the biggest school district in the Kansas State with more than 50,000 students, is situated in the Wichita City. The city operates in excess of 90 schools, including 16 middle schools, 10 high schools, 61 elementary schools, and over a dozen exceptional schools and programs. Outlying parts of the Wichita City lie inside suburban public school districts, including Circle, Andover, Derby, Haysville, Goddard, Valley Center and Maize. There are also in excess of 35 parochial and private schools in the Wichita City.
The major industrial sector of the Wichita City is manufacturing, which contributed to 21.6 % of area employment during 2003. The local economy has been long dominated by the aircraft manufacturing, and plays such a vital role that it has the skill to control the economic health of the whole region. Due to this, the Kansas State offers tax discounts and other enticements to aircraft manufacturers. Healthcare is the second major industry of the Wichita City, employing just about 28,000 citizens in the local neighborhood.
Since 1972, the Wichita River Festival has been organized in the city center and Old Town regions of the Wichita City. The city has featured events, such as musical entertainment, traveling exhibits, sporting events, historical and cultural activities, interactive kids' events, plays, river events, a flea market, fireworks and souvenirs for the approximately more than 370,000 patrons who attend every year. The yearly Wichita Black Arts Festival, organized during the spring, commemorates the crafts, arts, and creativity of the large African-American society of the Wichita City. It generally takes place in the Central-Northeastern part of the city.