Tuba Musical Instrument
History and Facts about "Tuba Musical Instrument". The tuba is the biggest and the lowest-toned brass instrument that produces sound by buzzing or shaking the lips into a big cupped mouthpiece. The instrument first appeared in the middle part of the 19th century, making it one among the latest instruments in the present orchestra and performance band. The tuba principally replaced the ophicleide. The mentioned horn, probably looks like a baroque trumpet.
History of Tuba Musical Instrument
On the 12th of September 1835, Prussian copyright No. 19 was awarded to Johann Gottfried Moritz and Wilhelm Friedrich Wieprecht for a bass tuba instrument in F1. The unique Wieprecht and Moritz instrument exploited five valves of the Berlinerpumpen type of Tuba, which were the predecessors of the current piston valve Tuba. The first tone tuba was discovered by Carl Wilhelm Moritz in 1838, who was the son of Johann Gottfried Moritz.
The accumulation of valves made it likely to play low in the harmonic sequence of the instrument and still contain a complete choice of notes. Before the discovery of valves, brass instruments were restricted to the notes in the harmonic sequence, and were therefore normally played extremely high with regard to their basic pitch. Harmonics that were starting three octaves over the basic pitch are about an entire step separately, making a practical range of notes possible.
The ophicleide exploited a brass instrument mouthpiece, which is in the shape of a bowl. However, the instrument used keys and tone holes like that of a current saxophone. The serpent, which is a bass instrument, was another predecessor of the tuba that was formed in a wavy form to create the tone holes available to the player. Tone holes modified the pitch by offering a deliberate leak in the bugle of the Tuba. While this modified the pitch, it had a distinct effect on the timbre, as well. By making use of valves to fine-tune the bugle length, the tuba created a softer tone that finally shown the way to its fame.
Similar to Adolphe Sax, Wieprecht was concerned with selling systems of instruments from soprano to bass, and built up a chain of brass instruments called saxhorns. These instruments built up by Adolphe Sax were normally pitched in E♭ and B♭, whereas the bass tuba developed by Wieprecht and the succeeding Cerveny contrabass instruments were pitched in C and F. The instruments developed by Adolphe Sax, gained supremacy in France, and afterward in America and Britain. As a consequence of the fame made the movements of instrument manufacturers, such as Henry Distin to America and Gustave Auguste Besson, moved from France to Britain. Later on there were several other ranges of types of the Tuba were existed, as well as some tubas with dissimilar types of valves in different numbers. .
Usually, an orchestra has a sole tuba, though an extra tuba may be requested. It acts as the bass of the orchestral brass segment and it can strengthen the bass voices of the woodwinds and strings. It offers the bass of brass quintets and choral groups. It is the main bass instrument in military bands and performance bands, and those bands usually have tubas, ranging from two to four numbers. A tuba is a solo instrument, as well.
Nowadays, Tubas are employed in marching bands, bugle and drum corps and in several jazz bands. In British mode brass bands, two B♭ and two E♭ tubas are exercised and they are mentioned as basses.