Facts about Syringa tree (Lilac). Syringa is a type of the twelve presently acknowledged classification of flowering forested plants that belong to the Oleaceae family. The scientific name of Syringa is Lilac and they are native to forest and scrub from the southeastern parts, ranging from Europe to eastern Asia. They are extensively and normally cultivated in temperate regions. The genus Syringa is most closely associated to Ligustrum, a flowering plant that belongs to the same genus and the same family. Syringa plants are exercised as food plants by the larvae of a few Lepidoptera varieties, as well as Scalloped Oak, Copper Underwing and Saras of Svensson.
Features of Syringa tree
Syringa species are tiny trees that range in height from (6 feet 7 inches to 32 feet 10 inches (2 meters to 10 meters). The diameter of the stem of these trees ranges from 7.9 inches to 11.8 inches (20 cm to 30 cm).
The leaves of the Syringa trees are opposite, rarely in coils of three in display, and their shape is straightforward and in the form of the human heart. In some Syringa species the leaves are broad lanceolate, whereas in some other species, the leaves are pinnate.
Syringa trees produce flowers during spring, such that each flower bears a diameter, ranging from 0.20 inches to 0.39 inches (5 mm to 10 mm) with a four-lobed corolla. The tube of the corolla is narrow, with the length that ranges from 0.20 inches to 0.79 inches (5 mm to 20 mm). The flowers of the Syringa trees are bisexual, with lush stamens and stigma in every flower. The most common color of flower of the Syringa trees is a shadow of purple, but some trees may produce light purple flowers. Some other species of these trees are capable of flowers with different colors, such as white, pink and pale yellow and even a dark maroon color are found, as well.
The Syringa trees are capable of living more than 100 years.
The flowers of the Syringa trees grow in big panicles, and in numerous species the flowers will have a strong aroma. Flowering in these trees will differ between middle parts of the spring to the beginning part of the summer, according to the species.
The fruit of the Syringa trees is dehydrated, brown shell, dividing in two at ripeness to discharge the two armed seeds.
Uses and cultivation of Syringa tree
Syringa trees are admired shrubs in gardens and parks all through the temperate zone, and numerous hybrids and many cultivars have been developed. The word French lilac is habitually used to mention contemporary double-flowered cultivars, owing to the work of the Victor Lemoine, a productive breeder.
Syringa trees grow most productively in well-exhausted soils, chiefly those derived from chalk. They produce flowers on old timber, and produce additional flowers if unclipped. If clipped, the plant reacts by producing quick-growing young vegetative development without flowers, in an effort to reinstate the detached branches. Syringa shrubs can be prone to chalky mildew infection.
The wood of the Syringa tree is diffuse-porous, close-grained, very hard and one among the thickest in Europe. The sapwood is usually cream in color and the heartwood has a variety of shades of tan and purple. The wood of the tree has traditionally been employed for engraving, knife handles, musical instruments, etc. When dried, the wood of the tree has a propensity to be encurved as a warped material, and to divide into slender sticks.