Category: Arachnida Spider
Facts about Spotted Ground Spider, "Scientific name for Spotted Ground Spider is Habronestes bradleyi". The Spotted Ground Spider breed is one among the 2,000 described varieties of spiders in more than 100 genera. These spiders are found all over the world and their family is recognized as the seventh largest family. The Spotted Ground Spider are not venomous to humans. The Spotted Ground Spider breeds mostly live in open land, generally in gardens.
Appearance of Spotted Ground Spiders
The Spotted Ground Spider breed appears with a black colored body with yellow colored dots on the stomach. Usually, these ground spiders have a body size of 15 mm, and they are distinguished by having anterior spinnerets, which are in the shape of a barrel, and are one spinneret diameter separately. The legs of the Spotted Ground Spiders are black or brown in color. The Spotted Ground Spider breed is a traveler and can move swiftly. They appear with a notch on the opposite mouthparts anterior and sideways to the labium or lip.
Features of Spotted Ground Spider
The Spotted Ground Spider breed belong to the Zodariidae family and are tiny free-roaming hunters. They also live beneath stones and in the middle of leaf litter. The Spotted Ground Spider have well-developed and more eye-catching anterior spinnerets than the other spider varieties.
Usually, their hunting takes place outside, but the Spotted Ground Spider breeds may as well, be found in homes when temperatures go down considerably as they attempt to escape the cold weather. The eggs laid by the female Spotted Ground Spiders are covered by a thick wall and the egg sacs are protected by the mother pending the spiderlings hatch.
The Spotted Ground Spider breeds are nocturnal seekers. They do not create webs to imprison prey. They forage violently for insects. During the daytime, the Spotted Ground Spiders hide under logs or stones. When they come into the interior of homes, they expend the daytime in dark, calm places.
A Spotted Ground Spiders stomach can only take liquids, so a spider needs to liquefy their food before they eat. They bite on their prey and empty its stomach liquids into the pray which turns it into a soup for them to drink.
A male Spotted Ground Spider has two appendages called "pedipalps" a sensory organ, instead of a penis, which is filled with sperm and insert by the male into the female Spotted Ground Spider’s reproductive opening.
Diet of Spotted Ground Spider
The Spotted Ground Spider does not contain prey-capture web and usually run prey down on the ground. The Spotted Ground Spiders hunt during nighttime and expend the day in a smooth retreat. They mostly feed on the pests hunted on the ground.
The average lifespan of the Spotted Ground Spider breed ranges from 3 years to 4 years.
Spotted Ground Spiders have oversize brains.
In the Spotted Ground Spider the oxygen is bound to "hemocyanin" a copper-based protein that turns their blood blue, a molecule that contains copper rather than iron. Iron-based hemoglobin in red blood cells turns the blood red
Spotted Ground Spiders have two body parts, the front part of the body is called the Cephalothorax-(the thorax and fused head of spiders). Also on this part of the body is the spider’s gland that makes the poison and the stomach, fangs, mouth, legs, eyes and brain. Spotted Ground Spiders also have these tiny little leg-type things called (pedipalps) that are next to the fangs. They are used to hold food while the Spotted Ground Spider bites it. The next part of the body is the abdomen and the abdomens back end is where there is the spinnerets and where the silk producing glands are located.
The muscles in a Spotted Ground Spiders legs pull them inward, but the spider can't extend its legs outward. It will pump a watery liquid into its legs that pushes them out. A Spotted Ground Spider’s legs and body are covered with lots of hair and these hairs are water-repellent, which trap a thin layer of air around the body so the Spotted Ground Spiders body doesn't get wet. It allows them to float, this is how some spiders can survive under water for hours. A Spotted Ground Spider feels its prey with chemo sensitive hairs on its legs and than feels if the prey is edible. The leg hair picks up smells and vibrations from the air. There are at minimum, two small claws that are at the end of the legs. Each Spotted Ground Spiders leg has six joints, giving the spider 48 leg joints. The spider’s body has oil on it, so the spider doesn't stick to it’s own web.
Spotted Ground Spiders do not have a skeletons. They have a hard outer shell called an exoskeleton-(a rigid external covering for the body in some invertebrate animals). The exoskeleton is hard, so it can’t grow with the spider. The young Spotted Ground Spiders need to shed their exoskeleton. The Spotted Ground Spider has to climb out of the old shell through the cephalothorax. Once out, they must spread themselves out before the new exoskeleton will harden. Know they have some room to grow. They stop growing once they fill this shell. Females are usually bigger than males.
Spiders belong to a group of animals called "arachnids", mites and Scorpions and a tick is also in the arachnid family. An Arachnids is a creature with eight legs, two body parts, no antennae or wings and are not able to chew on food. Spotted Ground Spiders are not insects because insects have three main body parts and six legs and most insects have wings.
The Arachnids are even in a larger group of animals called "arthropods" an invertebrate animal of the large phylum Arthropoda, which also include spiders, crustaceans and insects. They are the largest group in the animal world, about 80% of all animals come from this group. There are over a million different species. There are more than 40,000 different types of spiders in the world.