Shortfin Mako Shark
Facts about Shortfin Mako Sharks, "Scientific name for Shortfin Mako Shark is Isurus oxyrinchus". The shortfin mako shark is a large mackerel shark, sometimes called blue pointer, pointed nose shark, mackerel shark, atlantic mako, blue shark, bonito shark or mako shark. Mako means shark in the Maori language.
The Shortfin Mako Shark are the fastest of all sharks, routinely hitting speeds up to twenty two miles per hour (35 Km/mph) and achieving bursts of 46 miles per hour (74 Km/mph). The Shortfin Mako Shark average ten feet (3.04 meters) in length when grown and range from 150 to 300 pounds (68 kg to 136 kg). As with many fish, the females Shortfin Mako Shark are larger and heavier than the males. They give birth to live young.
Mako sharks live in tropical and temperate waters of the Atlantic. They are most common on the South American coast and the Gulf of Mexico.
Shortfin mako sharks can jump up to twenty feet (6.0 meters) out of the water, though they usually swim several hundred feet under the water. The Shortfin Mako Shark will eat sea birds if they can catch them. Their preferred hunting method is lunging upward and tearing off part of the creature before it can flee.
The shortfin mako shark is not warm blooded, but its body temperature is seven to ten degrees higher than the water around it. This makes the shortfin mako shark one of only four known endothermic shark species. This gives it more energy to hunt truly cold blooded fish like mackerels and tuna as well as mammals like seals and porpoises. In some tropical regions where the surface temperature is 81°F (27°C) and water temperatures at lower depths may get as low as 59°F (15°C) at depths of 98 to 196 ft (30 to 60 meters). With the ability to raise their body temperature, Shortfin Mako Sharks can maintain in water temperatures of 41 to 52°F (5 to 11°C). This makes the Shortfin Mako Shark somewhat warm-blooded: meaning- that heat in their blood is conserved within their body and not dispersed through the gills. Shortfin Mako Sharks ideally prefer water temperatures is between 62 to 68°F (17 to 20°C).
The Shortfin Mako Shark tend to follow swordfish schools on which they feed. They have to feed often to generate their body heat, having to consume 3% of their body weight per day, five times more than less active shark species.
They grow faster than other lamnid family sharks. They are also a wide ranging species, with makos tracked on journeys of over a thousand miles in their search for mates and food.
Shortfin mako sharks are cylindrical, though they have a vertical tail. They are bright metallic blue in color except for white areas around the snout, mouth and ventrally. Young mako sharks have black stains around the snout that fades with maturity.
There are over 400 types of sharks, Sharks have the most powerful jaws on on earth. Shortfin Mako Sharks jaws, both the upper and lower jaws move. Shortfin Mako Sharks skin is made of denticles instead of scales like other fish. The denticles are constructed like hard, sharp teeth (tooth-like projection) and this helps to protect the shark from being injury. The Shortfin Mako Shark is carnivores meaning: an animal that feeds on flesh (Meat).