Category: Deciduous Trees
Facts about Scarlet Oak Tree, "Scientific name for Scarlet Oak Tree is Quercus coccinea". The Scarlet Oak Tree also known as the Spanish oak tree or the red oak tree is a large fast growing oak which is native to Eastern United States and is known to have a spectacular coloring during autumn spells. The Scarlet Oak Tree can be found growing in forests mixed soils including the gravel, sandy, soils of slopes and ridges. It has established in the basins of River Ohio and other areas like southern Michigan, southwestern Maine, and west to New York, southeastern Missouri, and southwestern Georgia and in Indiana, south to southern Illinois. The Scarlet Oak Tree can grow into a round shaped oak which opens up upon maturity reaching a maximum height of about 70 feet (21.33 meters).
The Scarlet Oak Tree has glossy green colored foliage which produce simple, broad, flat, pinnately lobed leaves which are bristle- tipped and deeply cut. The leaves are small in size with their middle lobe being wide towards the tips. The it can grow up to a length of approximately 3 to 5 inches (7.6 to 12.7 cm) long. The leaves turn scarlet in fall giving way to light brown fruits, acorns which have deep cups with less fringes and flat scales. The acorns are at most one inch (2.5 cm) in length with a cup-shape wrapping which covers half its entire surface.
Scarlet Oak Tree leaves are made up of many colored pigments, green chlorophyll hides the colors during the growing season of spring and summer. As days get Shorter and cooler temperatures come in the fall, it cause the chlorophyll to break down and than the other color pigments can be seen.
Scarlet Oak Tree growth is referred to as Meristem (The undifferentiated embryonic plant tissue from which new cells are created, as that at the tip of a root or stem). This tissue can be found at the tips of shoots and leaves. Inside the stem growth in thickness occurs at the vascular cambium.
Scarlet Oak Trees make their own food from sunlight, carbon dioxide, water, and nutrients from the soil.
The Scarlet oak tree can do well in medium, well drained to average dry soils. However, it can do best in dry, acidic sandy soils which are usually found along slopes and ridges.
A Full grown Scarlet Oak Tree can absorb as much as 48 pounds (21.77 kg) of carbon dioxide a year. The same Scarlet Oak Tree could also produce enough oxygen in a day for two people. In a single day, a large Scarlet Oak Tree can drink up to 100 gallons (378.5 liter) of water from the ground and discharge it into the air.
You can tell a Scarlet Oak Trees age by the number of growth rings. Growth rings size shows what kind of conditions accrued that year, the temperature and if it was a dry or wet year.
Bark of the Scarlet Oak Tree protects it from the elements and is made up of dead cells.
Scarlet Oak Tree roots usually grow two to three times the width of the tree branches. The ideal time to fertilize your Scarlet Oak Tree is in late fall or early spring. If you want to transplant a tree do it in fall, this is ideal for most trees.
The Scarlet Oak Tree can be used as timber and also in lumbering activities. In addition it can also be established for its ornamental value due to its fast growth and spectacular red autumn coloring. The Scarlet Oak Tree can also be grown in parks, streets and home gardens and yards as a shade tree. The scarlet oak tree has widely been grown in the Europe and United States for this purpose.