Sao Paulo is the major city in Brazil, the biggest city in the Americas and the 12th largest city in the world by population. The city is fastened to the Sao Paulo City area, and it is ranked as the most crowded city area in Brazil, the second most densely inhabited in the Americas and the seventh biggest in the world by area. It is the capital city of the Sao Paulo state, and is the wealthiest state in Brazil. It exerts powerful provincial influence in finance, commerce, arts and amusement and a strong global influence. The city is named in honor of the chief disciple of Jesus of Nazareth, Saint Paul of Tarsus.
During the 17th century, the present Sao Paulo city was one among the poorest areas of the Portuguese colony. It was as well, the hub of interior colonial growth. Since they were very poor, the Paulistas could not have enough money to acquire African slaves, as other Spanish settlers achieved. The invention of gold in the area of Minas Gerais, during the 1690s, brought notice and new colonists to Sao Paulo. The Captaincy of Minas do Ouro and Sao Paulo was created on the 3rd of November 1709, when the Portuguese crown acquired the Captaincies of Santo Amaro and Sao Paulo from the earlier grantees.
Strategically situated in the country, up the sheer Serra do Mar Sea edge while travelling from Santos, at the same time as not too far from the shoreline, as well, Sao Paulo had turned into a protected place to stay for weary travelers. The town became a hub for the Bandeirantes, the fearless explorers who walked into unidentified lands in the exploration for diamonds, gold, valuable stones, and Indians to create slaves of.
The Sao Paulo City has a monsoon-inclined moist subtropical type of weather, according to the Koppen categorization. During the summer from January to March, the average low temperature is about 63 F (17 C) and the average high temperatures is close to 82 F (28 C). During the winter season, the temperatures are inclined to vary between 52 F and 73 F (11 C and 23 C). The Sao Paulo City experiences fairly four separate seasons. The winter is gentle and sub-arid, and the summer is reasonably warm and wet. Spring and fall are intermediary seasons.
The Sao Paulo City is considered the monetary capital of Brazil because it is the place for the headquarters of several major companies and the most famous financial institutions and banks of the country. The city is the highest gross domestic product (GDP) city of Brazil, and it is the tenth biggest in the world, by means of Purchasing power parity. The gross domestic product of the city during 2010 was R$450 billion, roughly US$220 billion, 12.26% of the GDP of Brazil and 36% of all the manufacture of merchandise and services of the Sao Paulo City.
Transport in the Sao Paulo city is short of infrastructure, but public transport plays a vital role in the daily life of the city. The city has a huge bus structure with a fleet of more than 16,000 buses, operated by SPTrans. There are as well, many train systems, such as the city’s metro, CPTM, and the EMTU-SP, in addition to different connecting lines. The Unified ticket system, which is a contactless smartcard resolution, is employed for charge collection and control for subway, buses and train. The usage of smart card offers riders low-cost prices for numerous rides and makes for easier moves between transportation systems.
The Sao Paulo City has a structure of private and public high schools and secondary schools and a range of occupational-technical schools. Over 9/10th of the inhabitants are educated and approximately the same percentages of those aged 7 to 14 years are registered in school. There are in excess of 578 universities in the entire Sao Paulo State.
Several of the principal classical living composers of Brazil were born and exist in the Sao Paulo City. There are performers of the city who had won global praise and Tony Award nominations for their outstanding performance. The orchestra of the city, the Sao Paulo State Symphony is one among the excellent orchestras of the world.