Category: New Mexico
Santa Fe is the county seat of the Santa Fe County and it is the capital city of the New Mexico State in the United States. The city is the fourth-biggest city in the state and it is the oldest capital city in the country and in New Mexico. According to the 2012 census, the city had an estimated population of 69,204. It is the major city of a Metropolitan Statistical Area that includes the whole Santa Fe County and it is a division of the Combined Statistical Area of the bigger Albuquerque-Santa Fe-Las Vegas.
The Santa Fe City was at first occupied by many Pueblo Indian villages with the discovery dates between 1050 and 1150. One among the initial recognized colonies in what now is the business district of Santa Fe came sometime subsequent to 900. A Native American crowd constructed a group of homes in a village called Ogapoge, which were located around the location of the present day Plaza and extend for half a mile to the west and the south. People who were living in the village got their water needs from the Santa Fe River. The river is a seasonal watercourse that was a perennial watercourse pending the 1700s. In 2007, the stream was documented as the most jeopardized river in the country, consistent with the conservation cluster American Rivers.
Excluding for the period from 1680 to 1692, when, due to the Pueblo Revolt, the indigenous Pueblo people drove the Spaniards from the region called New Mexico, conquered again later by Don Diego de Vargas, and the Santa Fe area remained as the provincial seat of Spain pending the eruption of the 1810 Mexican War of Independence. During 1824 the status of the city as the capital city of the Mexican region of Santa Fe de Nuevo México was dignified during the 1824 Constitution.
The Santa Fe City experiences a semi-dry type of weather, with cold winters, and extremely hot summers. The all-day average temperature in Santa Fe varies from −0.9 C (30.3 F) during December to 21.2 C (70.1 F) during July. As a result of the relative dryness and height, the average diurnal temperature difference goes beyond 14 C (25 F) in each month and 17 C (30 F) much of the year. Usually, the city experiences six to eight snowfalls in a year between the months November and April. Heaviest precipitation occurs during July and August, with the influx of the North American Monsoon.
Since 1943, the Santa Fe City has had a relationship with science and technology while the town served as the entry to the Los Alamos National Laboratory, a 45 minute travel from the city. The Santa Fe Institute was established in 1984 to research intricate systems in the biological, physical, political and economic sciences. The city sponsors Nobel laureates, such as Murray Gell-Mann and Philip Warren Anderson for physics, and Kenneth Arrow for economics. In 1994, the National Center for Genome Resources was established to concentrate on research on the connection between computing, bioscience, and mathematics. During the 1990s and 2000s quite a lot of Technology businesses were formed to commercialize technologies from Los Alamos National Laboratory, Santa Fe Institute, and National Center for Genome Resources.