Saint Bernard Dog
Category: Working Dogs
Facts about Saint Bernard Dog "Scientific name for Saint Bernard Dog, or domestic canine, is Canis lupus familiaris". The Saint Bernard Dog is a variety of huge working dog originated from the Italian and Swiss Alps. The Saint Bernard Dogs were initially bred for rescue. Currently, this breed is used as working dogs, service dogs and pets. The Saint Bernard Dog breed has turned out to be renowned due to its enormous size and through the tales of alpine rescues. These dogs are also called as Bernhardiner, St. Bernhardshund and Alpine Mastiff. Most dog owners call this dog with the nickname Saint.Saint Bernard Dogs have two times the amount of ear muscles than people. It is a fact a Dog can hear a sound at four times the distance of a human. Sound frequency is measured in Hertz (Hz) Def-Hertz is the measurement of frequency, explicitly it's one cycle per second. The higher the Hertz are, the higher the pitched the sound is. Saint Bernard Dogs hear best at 45,000 Hz to 65,000 Hz, while humans hear best at around 20 Hz to 20,000 Hz.
Only humans and dogs have prostates and a dog doesn't have an appendix.
Saint Bernard Dog’s nose prints can be used to identify them, their nose prints are like a humans finger print. It is a Fact a Saint Bernard Dog smells more than 1,000 times stronger than that of a human. A Saint Bernard Dog’s nose, secretes a thin layer of mucous that helps it absorb scent, after that they lick their noses and sample the scent through their mouth.
The Saint Bernard Dog average size to the shoulders is 25½ to 27½ inches (64.7 to 69.8 cm) tall at the shoulder and 130 to 200 pounds (58.9 to 90.7 kg). The fur can be either soft or hard, with the silky fur close and even. The hard coat is thick, but even, and more abundant around the legs and the neck. The Saint Bernard Dog fur of this breed is usually red in color with white, or occasionally, a mahogany brindle amid white. Usually, black shading is seen on the ears and face of the Saint Bernard Dog breed. The tail is elongated and intense, and the hanging low eyes have naturally rigid lids, with haws only a little visible. Usually, the eyes of the Saint Bernard Dog are brown, but occasionally, they can be icy blue.
Saint Bernard Dogs sweat glands are between their paw pads.
It is a Fact a Saint Bernard Dog sees in color and have better low light vision. Saint Bernard Dogs have three eyelids, a lower lid, an upper eyelid lid and a third lid, that is called a haw or nictitating membrane, this keeps the Saint Bernard Dogs eye protected and moist. Dogs eyes have a special membrane for seeing better at night, called a tapetum lucidum - a dogs reflective layer in the choroid chiefly of nocturnal, causing the eyes to glow when light at night hits the eyes and they consist of some layers of smooth flat cells covered by a section of double deformed crystals.
Coat and colors
The Saint Bernard Dog breeds come in longhaired and shorthaired fur types. The longhaired fur is somewhat wavy, but never shaggy or curly. The shorthaired fur is soft, but thick. The hair is somewhat shaggy on the thighs, and the tail is enclosed with elongated, thick hair that develops into smaller toward the tip. The Saint Bernard Dog front legs include a bit of feathering, but the tail and thighs are bushy. The Saint Bernard Dog breed comes in different shades of white with red or red with white. The red color Saint Bernard Dog breed comes in different shades that ranges from brindle areas with white marks to brownish-yellow. The white appears on the torso, around the collar and the nose, on the tip of the tail and on the feet.
Similar to all extremely large dogs, the Saint Bernard Dog breed is well socialized with other dogs and people in order to put off apprehension and any likely territoriality or aggression. The major hazard to small kids is being knocked over by the larger size Saint Bernard Dog breed. Generally, the Saint Bernard Dogs are faithful and loving breed, and if socialized, are extremely friendly. Owing to the large adult size of the Saint Bernard Dog breed, it is necessary that appropriate teaching and socialization will start while the Saint Bernard Dog is still a puppy, in order to keep away from the difficulties that usually come with the training of large dogs. A disobedient Saint Bernard dog may present difficulties for even a muscular adult, so control requires to be emphasized from the start of the training of this breed. Though the Saint Bernard Dogs are usually not as violent as dogs bred for defense, a Saint Bernard dog may bark at unfamiliar people, and their size formulates them as the best preventions against the likely intruders.
between 100 to 140 pant a lot.Average body temperature for a Saint Bernard Dog is between 101 to 102.5 degrees
Female Saint Bernard Dogs are in heat for matting for about 20 days twice a year. Female Saint Bernard Dogs are pregnant for 60 days before they’re puppies are born.
A Saint Bernard Dog is an omnivore, (definition-they eat both other animals and plants). All Dogs are direct descendants of wolves.
Saint Bernard Dogs pant to keep cool with 10 to 35 breaths per minute with an average of 24 breaths per minute. A large dog breed resting heart beats between 60 to 100 times per minute, and a small dog breed’s heart beats on average
The extremely quick growth rate and the body weight of a Saint Bernard Dog breed can guide to very grave weakening of the bones if the breed does not get appropriate exercise and food. The number one heath problems amongst Saint Bernard Dogs is obesity, so always make sure your dog doesn't get to fat. Many foot problems that Saint Bernard Dogs have are just an issue of long toenails. Many of the Saint Bernard Dogs are hereditaial affected by elbow dysplasia or canine hip dysplasia. The bone cancer has been revealed to be inherited in the Saint Bernard breed. The Saint Bernard Dog Being a big dog breed it can be prone to some health problems such as (GDV) Gastric dilatation-volvulus, Allergies, eczema, Cataracts, Dilated Cardiomyopathy, Epilepsy, Entropion, Elbow Dysplasiaand and dilated Cardiomyopathy, which is a heart disease. The average lifespan of the Saint Bernard breed ranges from eight years to 10 years.
A Saint Bernard Dog’s mouth can apply approximately 150 to 200 pounds of pressure per square inch and an American Pit Bull Terrier, German Shepherd Dog and a rottweiler can have 320 LBS of pressure on avg.
All dogs are identical in makeup big or small– 42 permanent teeth and 321 bones. Saint Bernard Puppies have 28 teeth and when they become adult Saint Bernard Dogs they have 42 teeth. When Saint Bernard puppies are born, they have no teeth and are deaf and blind. Saint Bernard Puppies for their first few weeks will sleep ninety percent of the day and their vision is not fully developed until after the first month.
If purchasing a Saint Bernard Dog from a breeder, make sure to find a good breeder with references check at least two to three of the puppies that were purchased from this breeder.
The Saint Bernard Dog belongs to the Working Group and in 1885 was recognized AKC American Kennel Club.