Pin Oak Tree
Category: Deciduous Trees
Facts about Pin Oak Tree, "Scientific name for Pin Oak Tree is Quercus palustris". The pin oak tree is a deciduous oak which is native to north-central and eastern United States and is popularly known as the swamp oak or Quercus palustris. It is a deciduous tree and comes from the red-oak section of the oak tree family. The Pin Oak Tree is a wetland, rapidly growing tree and can be found growing in flood plains and basins of rivers. However, the Pin Oak Tree has a shorter life span than other oak trees, only growing up to the age of one hundred and twenty.
The Pin Oak Tree can grow 59 to 72 feet (17.98 to 21.94 meters) tall with a spread of about 26 to 46 feet (7.92 to 14.02 meters) and a trunk which measures three feet (.91 meters) in diameter. The Pin Oak Tree is characterized by a smooth bark, cone-shaped canopy and a columnar trunk during it early stages of growth. However, its canopy spreads out at maturity and the bark becomes dark in color with deep ridges and cuts.
The Pin Oak Tree develops 2 to 6 inches (5 to 15.2 cm) long leaves which can spread up to 2 to 5 inches (5 to 12.7 cm) and come in colors of bronze and sometimes red. Individual lobed leaves can have approximately five to seven bristle-tipped lobes with their sinuses assuming a u-shape with a deep cut. The leaves remain hairless. However, there can be light orange to brown tuft underneath the leaves surfaces. The Pin Oak flowers develop ten to sixteen millimeters long and to nine to fifteen millimeters wide acorns with thin, shallow cupping. The acorns later mature to a pale-brown colored fruit.
A Full grown Pin Oak Tree can absorb as much as 48 pounds (21.77 kg) of carbon dioxide a year. The same tree could also produce enough oxygen in a day for two people. In a single day, a large Pin Oak Tree can drink up to 100 gallons (378.5 liter) of water from the ground and discharge it into the air.
You can tell a Pin Oak Trees age by the number of growth rings. Growth rings size shows what kind of conditions accrued that year, the temperature and if it was a dry or wet year.
Bark of the Pin Oak Tree protects it from the elements and is made up of dead cells.
Pin Oak Tree leaves are made up of many colored pigments, green chlorophyll hides the colors during the growing season of spring and summer. As days get Shorter and cooler temperatures come in the fall, it cause the chlorophyll to break down and than the other color pigments can be seen.
Pin Oak Tree growth is referred to as Meristem (The undifferentiated embryonic plant tissue from which new cells are created, as that at the tip of a root or stem). This tissue can be found at the tips of shoots and leaves. Inside the stem growth in thickness occurs at the vascular cambium.
Pin Oak Trees make their own food from sunlight, carbon dioxide, water, and nutrients from the soil.
The Pin Oak Tree can do well in acidic, moist to well drained-soils. It can establish in areas of low altitudes approximately 1150 feet (350 meters) above the sea level. The plant does not tolerate sandy soils or limestone.
The Pin Oak Tree can be used in landscaping due to its rapid growth, pollution tolerant and ease in transplanting.
Pin Oak Tree roots usually grow two to three times the width of the tree branches. The ideal time to fertilize your Pin Oak Tree is in late fall or early spring. If you want to transplant a Pin Oak Tree do it in fall, this is ideal for most trees.