Pennsylvania, with the postal abbreviation PA is one among the 50 states in the United States, situated in the central Atlantic and Northeastern parts of the country. Pennsylvania is bordered by New Jersey in the east, Ohio in the west, West Virginia on the southwest, New York in the north, Maryland in the south, Delaware in the southeast and Ontario and Lake Erie, Canada in the northwest. The state of Pennsylvania as well, shares a water boundary with the Ontario province of Canada in the northwest across the Lake Erie. Among the unique thirteen settlements, Pennsylvania is the only state in the country that does not surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean. The central part of the state is passed by the Appalachian Mountains. Pennsylvania is the 6th most crowded, 33rd most wide-ranging and the 9th most thickly populated state among the 50 states of the country.
The varied topography of Pennsylvania as well, produces various climates, while the whole state experiences humid summers and cold winters. Straddling two chief zones, most of the state, with the exemption of the southeastern bend, has a moist continental type of weather. Greater Philadelphia contains some features of the moist subtropical type of weather that covers the major parts of Maryland and Delaware in the south.
Pennsylvania was the 2nd state admitted to the union on the 12th of December 1787. The total land area of Pennsylvania is 46,055 square miles, which offers the state an area rank of 33 out of the available 50 states in the United States. In addition, water surface occupies 1,316 square miles of the total area of the state within its boundaries. There are 67 counties in Pennsylvania among which the Cameron County was the most recent county formed in the state, in the year 1860.
Consistent with 2010 United States Census information, the population of Pennsylvania was 12,281,054. Among the counties of the Pennsylvania State, the most populous county is the Philadelphia County with the population of 1,526,006, and the Cameron County is ranked as the least populous county with the population of 5,085.
As of 2010, there are 21 State Electoral Votes in Pennsylvania. The State Quarter issue Date of Pennsylvania is March 8, 1999. The state motto of Pennsylvania is “Virtue, Liberty, and Independence“.
Keystone State is the nickname of the state of Pennsylvania. The name of the state bird of Pennsylvania is the Ruffed Grouse. Eastern Hemlock is the state tree of Pennsylvania, and the Mountain Laurel is the state flower. Harrisburg City is the state capital of Pennsylvania. The Philadelphia City is the biggest of all cities in Pennsylvania by population, and the same city ranks first in total land area, too. The Philadelphia City is the oldest city in Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania State is served by 10 area codes, such as 215, 267, 412, 484, 570, 610, 717, 724, 814 and 878.