Category: Aquarium Fish Other
Facts about Paradise Gourami fish. "Scientific name for Paradise Gourami fish is Macropodus opercularis". The Paradise Gourami fish is found in the eastern part of Asia starting from the Korean Peninsula to northern part of Vietnam.
Description of Paradise Gourami fish
The Paradise Gourami fish was imported into Europe during the opening years of the 19th century making it the first ornamental fish to be kept in western aquariums. The level of harassment and combat displayed by the Paradise Gourami fish toward smaller fish is more pronounced compared to other members of the family.
In length, the male Paradise Gourami fish can reach up to 4 inches (10 cm) on average the female species of fish measures 3 inches (7.6 cm). It is the most aggressive species in its family.
Diet of the Paradise Gourami fish
The Paradise Gourami fish are majorly predators thereby eating invertebrates, insects and other aquatic organisms. This is one of the few fishes that can change their colors in response to different environmental stimuli.
Habitat of the Paradise Gourami fish
Paradise Gourami fish are tolerant to various aquatic conditions. They survive well in both warm and cool waters. This explains why they are common in outdoor ponds and unheated aquarium. In the rivers where they are commonly found, the native population of Paradise Gourami fish has been facing the threat of water pollution. This has reduced their numbers significantly.
Reproduction of the Paradise Gourami fish
The Paradise Gourami fish sexual dimorphism displayed by this species. The males are generally more colorful with longer fins compared to their female counterparts. During the time of spawning, the male Paradise Gourami fish build bubble nests and then attract the females to them. Following the acceptance of the females, the males will advance and fertilize the eggs released by the females and this happens in open waters. It is the male Paradise Gourami fish that gathers the eggs and spits them into the bubble nest. The females usually become aggressive and violent towards the males after the spawning session is over.
The Paradise Gourami fish hatched fry are usually raised under close care. This increases their chances of survival especially from the threat of predators.