Osaka is a nominated city in the Kansai area of Japan. It is the capital city of Osaka Region and the major part of the Keihanshin Urban Area, the second biggest metropolitan region in Japan. The Osaka City is one of the largest populous cities in the world, with the population of about 19 million citizens. The city is located at the mouth of the River Yodo on Osaka Bay in Osaka and it is the third largest city of Japan by population, and it serves as a main economic centre.
Some of the initial indications of occupancy in the Osaka area were discovered at the Morinomiya leftovers, through its shell mounds, as well as sea oysters and obscured human bones from the fifth and sixth centuries BC. It is supposed that what is now the Uehonmachi region is made of a peninsular land, by means of an inland aquatic in the east. During the Yayoi era, enduring habitation on the plains developed as rice farming had turned out to be popular. By the Kofun era, Osaka grew into a nucleus port, connecting the area to the western fraction of Japan. The huge numbers of increasingly larger mausoleum mounds discovered in the Osaka plains are seen as proof of political-power absorption, leading to the creation of a state.
The Osaka City is situated in the humid subtropical weather zone, with four different seasons. Its winters are usually mild, with January being the most freezing months, with a mean high of 49 F (9.3 C). The city rarely experiences snowfall in the winter season. Spring in the Osaka City commences off mild, but ends up being humid and hot. During the months of July and August, the mean every day high temperature reaches 95 F (35 C), whereas mean average nocturnal temperatures usually hover about 77 F (25 C). Fall in the city sees a cooling drift, with the early component of the period looking like summer, whereas the latter component of fall looks like winter.
The gross domestic product of the Osaka City during the financial year 2004 was ¥21.3 trillion, a boost of 1.2% over the preceding year. The number comprises about 55% of the total yield in the Osaka region and 26.5% in the Kinki area. During 2004, trade, services, and production have been the three main industries, comprising 30 percent, 26 percent, and 11 percent of the total, respectively. The per capita revenue in the Osaka City was ¥3.3 million, which was 10 percent more than that of the Osaka Prefecture. Through the Worldwide MasterCard, the city ranks 19th place among the top cities of the world, and it plays a vital role in the worldwide economy.
The Osaka City has a wide system of railway lines, analogous to that of Greater Tokyo. Main stations in the city include, Namba, Umeda, Shinsaibashi, Kyobashi, Tennoji, and Yodoyabashi. The city connects its nearby cities and suburbs through the JR West Urban System, including several private lines. The Municipal Subway Network of the city ranks 8th by yearly passenger ridership of the world, serving more than 912 million people yearly, in spite of being only 8 of over 70 lines available in the Metro Area.
The public elementary schools and the junior high schools in the Osaka City are run by itself. The City Board of Education is the administrative organization on enlightening matters in the city. Similarly, the Prefectural Board of Education runs the public high schools in the city. Once the city had a huge number of high schools and universities, but due to developing campuses and the necessity for bigger area, several chose to shift to the villages, including the Osaka University.
The Osaka City has a huge number of retail shops and wholesalers. Several of them are focused on the Kita and Chuo wards. Shop types diverge from malls to conservative shotengai shopping malls that are constructed both above and underground. The Tenjinbashi-suji mall extends from the road reaching the Tenmangu temple and prolongs 1.6 miles (2.6 km) extending from north to south. The category of stores down the mall comprises clothing, commodities, and catering outlets.