Facts about Orthopodmyia Mosquitos, Orthopodmyia Mosquito belongs to the tribe Orthopodomyiini of the Sub family of mosquitoes known as Culicinae. The genus has about 35 species of mosquitoes. The Orthopodmyia (ortho-poh-doh-my-yah) mosquito is typically restricted to an individual zoogeographic area. The Orthopodmyia Mosquito is often spotted breeding in the Neotropical and Oriental regions with a few of its varieties having varied habitats in the Holarctic regions. Others can be found in the habitat ranges of Canada and the United States of America. Although a number of Orthopodoyia mosquitoes exist in Madagascar, only three of the species can be located in the Afro tropical areas of Cameroon.
The Orthopodmyia Mosquito natural habitat, the mosquito can be found breeding in cavities in bamboo trees, other tree holes, spathes of Heliconia plants and bromeliad axils. The adult Orthopodmyia Mosquito usually inhabit mostly forested regions and others can be located in container habitats including artificial containers around homes.
Visual characteristics of Orthopodmyia Mosquitos
The Orthopodmyia mosquito has a brightly colored, well-defined structure consisting mainly of stripes and bands of silver, gold or white scales. The Orthopodmyia Mosquito can be easily distinguished from other genus of mosquitoes with their tarsomeres-1; the tarsomeres-1 of the middle legs and fore legs is longer than the combined length of the four distal tarsomeres. Orthopodmyia Mosquito larvae usually has its comb developed with an anterior row of shorter scales with longs scales on the posterior row and rarely one or three rows of shorter scale has no pecten. Orthopodmyia Mosquitos abdominal segment VIII normally consists of a large sized dorsal scelerite. The female mosquito has short palpi while the male mosquito has forked scales, which are erect with long proboscis vertex. Its post and pre-spiracular setae are not present and instead it has abundant scutal setae.
Feeding of Orthopodmyia Mosquito
The feeding habit of the female mosquito has not yet been established. However, the female Orthopodmyia requires constant supply of blood meal to be able to produce more eggs. Generally, various bird species often appear to be the prime host for the mosquito. The Orthopodmyia mosquito larvae usually feed through filtering particulate matter and microorganisms from various water surfaces in several habitat ranges. It is more active during the night, but remains less active during daytime. Mature adults Orthopodmyia Mosquito also feed on nectar from various plats flowers, plant juices and honeydew.
Reproduction of Orthopodmyia Mosquito
The female Orthopodmyia Mosquito usually undergoes a Multivoltine breeding season in spring, laying individual eggs on water surfaces. The eggs hatch in winter to give rise to larvae. The larvae are characterized with strongly branched body satae and head with siphons that do not have pecten and have individual seta 1-S on both sides. The saddle covers the segment X of the Orthopodmyia Mosquito larvae completely. The papillae’s length is shorter than that of the dorsal pair, which is often greater than the ventral pair.
Danger and control of Orthopodmyia Mosquito
A few of the Orthopodmyia Mosquito species located in the Oriental Region do bite humans. It is important to ensure that proper measures are used to control the growth and development of the mosquito. Bacterial insecticides can be used to control their rates of replications. The Orthopodmyia mosquito does not have any economic importance or medical value to humans.
"Scientific name for Masquito is Culicidae".