Oregon Agreement in the year 1846
The Oregon Agreement in the year 1846 is a treaty between the United States and the United Kingdom, which was signed in Washington, D.C. on the 15th of June 1846. The agreement brought the Oregon boundary dispute to an end by resolving competing British and American claims regarding the possession of the Oregon Country that had been occupied together by both the United States and the Britain, ever since the agreement of 1818.
Setting of the agreement
The 1818 Treaty has set the border between the British North America and the United States, along the Minnesota’s forty-ninth parallel north latitude to the currently recognized, the Rocky Mountains. The Americans recognized the western side of those mountains as the Oregon Country and the British recognized those mountains as the Columbia District or the Columbia Division of the Hudson’s Bay Company. The 1818 treaty has offered the combined control of that territory for ten years. Both North America and the United States nations could declare land and both were assured free navigation right through.
The combined control progressively developed less bearable for both countries. Following the rejection of the offer of James K. Polk, the then President of the United States, by the British minister to resolve the boundary of the forty-ninth parallel north, Democratic extremists militantly required the occupation of the whole area up to Parallel 54 degree 40′ north, the Russian America’s southern boundary as established by similar treaties between the United States and the Russian Empire in 1824 and Britain in 1825. However, subsequent to the outburst of the Mexican-American War during April 1846, unfocused the attention of the United States and its military resources, a negotiation was reached in Washington, D.C., in the continuing negotiations and the matter was resolved by the Polk management to shun a two-war condition and the 3rd war with the formidable military power of Great Britain within 70 years.
Oregon Agreement in the year 1846 was negotiated by James Buchanan, the United States Secretary of State, and Richard Pakenham, the British ambassador to the United States and the affiliate of the United Kingdom Privy Council on behalf of Queen Victoria. The agreement was signed on the 15th of June 1846.
The 1846 Oregon agreement set the British North America and the United States border at the forty-ninth parallel with the omission of Vancouver Island, which was maintained in its whole by the British. Vancouver Island was comprised as the Colony of Vancouver Island with all coastal islands during 1849. The United States part of the area was structured as the Oregon Territory on the 14th of August 1848, with the Washington Territory being created from it during 1853.
The British part remained unstructured pending 1858 when the British Columbia Colony was affirmed as a consequence of the panics of re-affirmed American expansionist goals and the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush. The two British settlements were combined during 1866 as the British Columbia and United Colonies of Vancouver Island. When the settlement of British Columbia has united with Canada during 1871, the forty-ninth Parallel and sea boundaries, time-honored by the 1846 Oregon Agreement became the border between the United States and Canada.