Olympia is the county seat of the Thurston County and the capital city of the Washington State. The city was included in the state on the 28th of January 1859. According to the 2010 census, the population of the Olympia City was known as 46,478. The eastern side of the city is surrounded by Lacey, whereas its southern side is bordered by Tumwater. The Olympia City is a chief cultural hub of the Puget Sound area. The City is situated at the southern extreme part of Puget Sound on the Budd Bay. The estuary of the Deschutes River was dammed during 1951 to form the Capitol Lake. Much of the lower region of the business district of Olympia positions on reclaimed terrain.
For thousands of years, the place of Olympia has been an abode to the Lushootseed-speaking population, including Nisqually, Squaxin, Puyallup, Suquamish, Chehalis, and Duwamish. The initial recorded visit to Olympia was in 1792 by Europeans when a Royal Navy officer, Peter Puget and a team visited from the British Vancouver voyage charted the place. During 1846, Levi Smith and Edmund Sylvester claimed the land together, which is currently, comprises the business district of Olympia.
The United States Congress time-honored the Customs District of Puget Sound during 1851 for the Washington Territory. Then, Olympia became the abode of the customs house. The population of Olympia progressively expanded from Oregon Trail migrants. During 1853, the city was established with the name Olympia, at the proposal of Colonel Isaac N. Ebey, a local resident because of its Northwest vision of the Olympic Mountains. The region started to be served by the Puget Sound Mosquito Fleet, a small navy of steamboats. Olympia became the abode of the Olympia Brewing Company during 1896, which prepared Olympia Beer pending 2003.
The Olympia City includes cold, damp air that brings the western side of Washington cloudiness, cold rain, and fog. The rainiest months of the city are November throughout January. The creeks, streets, and rivers of the city frequently flood throughout the months of November up to February. The average annual rainfall of the city is 1,270 mm (50 inches) and it has a constant average of 75% covered with clouds. The average annual temperatures of the city attain 32 C (90 F) for 6.3 days; the temperature continues at or below freezing for 1.8 days all day and the low temperature reaches the cold mark for 78 nights.
The major public school district of the Olympia City is the Olympia School District, which has a registration of 9,231 pupils in K-12, derived from the 2005-2006 school year registration report. There are a total of 18 schools in the Olympia School District among which 11 are elementary schools, 4 are middle schools and 3 are high schools. The notable high schools in the Olympia City include the Capital High School, Olympia High School and Avanti High School. Besides primary and secondary schools, the city has numerous institutions of higher learning, such as the South Puget Sound Community College, the Evergreen State College and the Saint Martin's University.
The Olympia City is a local hub for fine arts. Many dramatic experiences are obtainable with companies, like Olympia Family Theater, Capital Playhouse, Animal Fire Theater, Olympia Little Theater, Theater Artists Olympia and the Harlequin Productions at the momentous State Theater. Five customary season concerts and two pop concerts are being performed by the Olympia Symphony Orchestra at the Washington Center.