New York New York
Category: New York
The New York City the hub of the New York metropolitan region, and it is the most heavily populated cities in the United States. This is also referred to as the City of New York to differentiate it from the State of New York. The city is the premier gateway for legal migration to the country, and it is one among the most crowded urban agglomerations in the world. The New York City is a worldwide power city, which exerts a considerable impact upon finance, commerce, media, fashion, art, research, education, technology, and entertainment. It is the Home to the United Nations headquarters, and it is a vital hub for global diplomacy. The city has been described as the financial and cultural capital of the world.
History of the New York City
During the pre-colonial period, the area of current day New York City was occupied by a variety of groups of Algonquian clans of Native Americans, as well as the Lenape, whose mother country, called Lenapehoking, incorporated Staten Island, the western part of Long Island, the Lower Hudson Valley, as well as The Bronx and Manhattan.
The first recognized visit to the city was made during 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a European Florentine explorer, who sailed his boat, La Dauphine into the New York port. He claimed the region for France and called it by name "Nouvelle Angouleme".
A huge influx of 200,000 Irish migrants was brought into the modern New York City in 1860 by the Great Irish Famine. There was also wide migration from the German provinces of Germany, where rebellions had disrupted societies, and Germans contained an additional 25% of the population of New York by 1860.
Under the categorization of the Koppen climate, using the 32 F (0 C), the city experiences a moist subtropical type of weather and is hence, the northernmost main city on the North American continent by this classification. The villages to the immediate west and north lie in the evolution region from a moist subtropical to a moist continental type of weather. The region averages 234 days with at least some sunlight yearly, and averages 57% of likely sunshine yearly, adding 2,535 hours of sunlight for each year. The New York City comes under the Plant Hardiness zone of USDA 7b.
The New York City is a worldwide hub of global business and commerce and is one among the three "command centers" for the world market. During 2012, the city led the first Global Economic Power Index, and it is a major hub for retailing, banking and finance, real estate, world trade, tourism, transportation, new media, including traditional media, legal services, advertising, insurance, accountancy, fashion, theater, and the arts in the country.
The comprehensive transportation system of the New York City is both multifaceted and wide.
Rail: The majority of the public transportation in the city runs all through the day, accounting for one in every three consumers in the United States, and 2/3rd of two-thirds of rail riders in the country exist in the Metropolitan Area of the city. The iconic Subway system of the city is the most hectic in the Western Hemisphere, whereas the Grand Central Terminal is the biggest railway station in the world by number of platforms.
Buses: The public bus fleet of the city fleet is the largest in the world, and the major intercity bus station of the city is, the Port Authority Bus Terminal. It serves 7,000 automobiles and 200,000 customers every day, creating it the busiest bus terminal in the world.
Air: The airspace of the New York City is the busiest in the country, and it is one of among the busiest corridors of the air transportation in the world. The metropolitan area of the city is served by three main airports, such as Newark Liberty International, John F. Kennedy International and LaGuardia.
Ferries: The city’s Staten Island Ferry is the busiest ferry way in the world, carrying about 20 million travelers on the 8.4 km (5.2 mile) route between Lower Manhattan and Staten Island and running all through the day.
Education in the New York City is offered by a huge number of private and public institutions. The New York City Department of Education, which is the public school system of the city, is the biggest in the world, and the city is abode to some of the vital universities, research centers and libraries in the world. The city is chiefly recognized as a worldwide center for research in the life sciences and medicine.
The New York City has been portrayed by the political consulates of Iceland as the cultural center of the world. A book including a series of essays has also been distributed as displayed by the Australian National Library. The New York City is the origin of several cultural movements.