Montgomery is the capital of the Alabama State and is the province seat of the Montgomery County. The city is situated on the banks of the Alabama River, which is in the Gulf Coastal Plain. The Montgomery City is the second-biggest city in the Alabama State, and the 103rd biggest city in the United States.
The Montgomery City was included in the union during 1819, which is a consequence of an amalgamation of two towns located down the Alabama River. It became the capital of the state during 1846, representing the transfer of power to the south-central region with the development of cotton as a service crop of the Black Belt and Mobile's increase as a business port.
During February 1861, the Montgomery State was chosen as the first capital city of the Confederate States of America, pending the government seat moved to Richmond in Virginia, during May 1861. During the middle part of the 20th century, Montgomery was a main place of events in the Civil Rights Movement between America and Africa, including the Selma to Montgomery and the Montgomery Bus Boycott marches.
Besides housing several Alabama government bureaus, the Montgomery city has a great military presence, owing to public universities of the Alabama State University, Maxwell Air Force Base, Troy University and Montgomery Auburn University, private universities/ colleges of Huntingdon College and Faulkner University, high-tech production, as well as Alabama Hyundai Motor Manufacturing, and enlightening attractions, like the Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts and the Alabama Shakespeare Festival.
The Montgomery City has won a number of national awards, together with being chosen USA Today as the Best Historic City and being named by the National Civic League as an All-America City during 2014. The city has also been renowned nationally for its flourishing and continuing business district Revitalization.
The Montgomery City has a moist subtropical climate, with short, gentle winters, temperate springs and autumns, and extended, hot, moist summers. The everyday average temperature during January is 8.1 C (46.6 F), and there are 3.4 days of sub −7 C (-20 F) lows, −12 C (10 F) and below is very rare. The everyday average during July is 27.7 C (81.8 F), with highs going beyond 32.2 C (90 F) on 86 days for each year and 37.8 C (100 F) on 3.9. Summer afternoon temperature indices are much more frequently than the real air temperature, are often at or more than 37.8 C (100 F). The variation in the diurnal temperature of the city is inclined to be larger during autumn and spring. Rainfall is well-spread all through the year, although January to March is the dampest, and October is considerably drier than the other months. Snowstorm takes place only in some winter months, and even then it is typically light.
The central location of the Montgomery City in the Black Belt of Alabama makes it a processing center for crops, like peanuts, cotton, and soybeans. During 1840, the city led the state in cotton manufacture, and by the year 1911, the Montgomery processed 160,000 to 200,000 bales of cotton yearly. Nowadays, the Gross Metropolitan Product of the city is $12.15 billion, standing for 8.7 percent of the Gross State Product of the Alabama State.
The Montgomery City and the County are run by the Public Schools system of the county. The system handles 10 middle schools, 32 elementary schools, and 5 high schools. The city also includes 28 private schools.
In the eastern part of the Montgomery city is the Wynton M. Blount Cultural Park, which is the abode to the Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts. The eternal collections of the museum include the art and sculpture of America, master prints from European masters, Southern art, and collections of glass and porcelain works. Furthermore, the Montgomery city is the abode to the lately modernized Alabama Museum, which serves as the authorized state record museum.