Facts about Lithuanian Native Pigs. Lithuanian Native is a breed of the Landrace domestic pig that hails from Lithuania. In the wider sense, the "Lithuanian Native Pig" breed can be traced back to antique times, and it is one among the oldest pig breeds in Europe. The Lithuanian Native pig is a medium-sized pig breed that has notable physical features.
The Lithuanian Native pigs have classic features that comprise wattles on their neck, and usually, they have big black spots on their body. However, the color variations in the Lithuanian Native Pig breeds comprise black color combined with white color, black, ginger, and tri-colored. The Lithuanian Native Pig breeds boast a friendly character. These Lithuanian Native pigs are appropriate for grazing because they are insensitive to the sun.
The characteristics of the Lithuanian Native pig breeds were exercised in producing the Lithuanian White pig, which is a consistent pig breed, and a lot of Russian pig breeds. Currently, the Lithuanian Native pig breeds are extremely rare even in the Lithuania country because they are at risk of extinction. However, a cluster of about 200 Lithuanian Native pigs has been preserved since 1993in the Institute of Animal Sciences.
History of the Lithuanian Native Pig
The creation of the Lithuanian Native pig breed occurred in the tribal lands of Lithuania country and it was typically influenced by the communication of local long eared and short eared pigs and a few cultural pig breeds. Indigenous pigs are different in color, such as black, white, tan, but they are more often than not multicolored. The propagation of the colored pigs has been most protracted in the southeastern regions of Lithuania, where buckwheat was developed. The Buckwheat chaff extremely augmented the sensitivity of white pigs to sunshine, and colored pigs only could be nourished on the chaff of the buckwheat and pastured. The majority of the indigenous pigs still contain a characteristic feature, that is, the beads suspending beneath the neck.
Features of Lithuanian Native Pig
The Lithuanian Native pig breeds encompass a medium body length, physically powerful constitution. The Lithuanian Native Pig breeds are broadminded and undemanding in terms of housing and feeding conditions. The skin of the Lithuanian Native Pig breeds is thicker and with more elongated bristles than the Lithuanian White pig breeds. Usually the male Lithuanian Native pigs are heavier than the female pigs, with the body weight of 573 lbs (260), whereas the female Lithuanian Native Pigs have a body weight of 396 lbs (180 kg).
In terms of the height also, the male Lithuanian Native pigs are taller than their female counterparts, with the height that ranges from 32 inches to 36 inches (80 cm to 90 cm), whereas the female Lithuanian Native Pigs have a body height between 30.4 inches and 32 inches (76 cm and 80 cm). Fattening Lithuanian Native pigs gain a weight of about 600 grams (0.6 kg) daily. The length of the carcass of the Lithuanian Native Pigs is 37 inches (92.5 cm), with the mean backfat thickness at 220 lbs (100 kg) is 1.3 inches (34.8 mm). Lithuanian Native Pig averages 6 to 10 baby piglets in a litter and will have two to three litters per year. The sows nurse their piglets for about three to five weeks. When Piglets are weaned off of their mother’s milk, they are not called piglets but are known as shoats. Piglets at birth weigh about 2.5 pounds (1.1 kilograms), and on average, will double their weight in one week and the piglets attain a weight of 95 pounds (43.2 kg) within 21 days of their birth.
Nowadays, the Lithuanian Native pig breed was found to be on the edge of extinction. During the last part of the year 1994, the remaining pigs were gathered and the group established at the Lithuanian Institute of Animal Science. The resultant group of roughly Lithuanian Native 160 pigs, including 30 female pigs and 9 male pigs, is a closed inhabitant with mating being prepared only to other pigs within the group. This is made with the intention of preserving the hereditary integrity of the breeding group.
The saliva of Lithuanian Native Pigs contains pheromones-( A chemical substance used to attract a mate) similar to that of other pig breeds that communicate their sexual wants. The male Lithuanian Native Pigs discharge this steroid and female pigs will go to vast lengths to acquire a smell of the sent.
A female adult Lithuanian Native Pig is called a (sow) and the male adult Lithuanian Native Pig is called a (boar). The lifespan of a Lithuanian Native Pig is between 9 and 15 years
Lithuanian Native Pigs do not sweat a lot, that's why they cover themselves in the mud to keep their bodies cool. The expression "sweating like a pig" comes from a reference to pig iron, which comes form iron smelting.
Lithuanian Native Pigs are very intelligent, not like people think, that pigs are dumb animals. A Lithuanian Native Pig can drink between 10 to 14 gallons (37.8 to 53 liters)of water in a day. Lithuanian Native Pigs are omnivores like humans, an omnivores, (definition-they eat both other animals and plants). The Lithuanian Native Pig snout is its most important tool for finding food. The Lithuanian Native Pigs snout is used for their excellent sense of smell and have poor eyesight.
Lithuanian Native Pigs are raised for there meat such as ham, sausage, bacon and pork chops. Pigs can make great pets. "A wild male pig is called a boar"- meaning uncastrated male pig, that lives in the wild and can be hunted. "Feral pig or hog is defined as a wild boar" can be a very big danger where humans habitat.
The term Swine: is any variety of omnivorous, even-toed ungulates of the family Suidae, this includes hogs, boars and pigs having a short neck, thick skin a movable snout and a stout body.
Lithuanian Native Pigs unlike is said, happen to be very clean animals. Lithuanian Native Pigs make sure their bathroom area is far away from where they eat, lie down and rest, even piglets (baby pigs) will find a place to go to the bathroom, far away from their nest. A
Lithuanian Native Pigs Feet
The four feet and four toes of the pig are called "trotters" that humans eat as a delicacy called pigs feet or pigs knuckles. A Lithuanian Native Pigs foot has four toes that are pointed downwards when the pig walks, it walks on the tips of its toes, rather than its whole foot and only uses two of the toes in the middle and the outside toes for balance. The Lithuanian Native Pig has tougher feet at the ends that are hooves. The two toes in the middle of the foot are slightly webbed, this helps the pigs balance for walking.
Lithuanian Native Pigs have 44 teeth when full grown, when they are baby pigs (piglets) the have 28 teeth which will fall out when they are 12 months old. Just like human teeth, the Lithuanian Native Pig has an enamel coating that makes the pigs teeth stronger and helps it curb disease. Lithuanian Native Pigs chew their food because pigs have a digestive system similar to a human digestive system and cannot digest food that is not chewed.
Lithuanian Native Pigs can carry a variety of diseases and can pass them to humans. Lithuanian Native Pigs have small lungs compared to their body size.
"Scientific name for Pig Sus scrofa", the wild swine (Boar) from the old world with a narrow body and prominent tusks is from where most domestic swine come from. The "fear of pigs Swinophobia".