Category: US President
John Adams, who was the second President of the United States after George Washington, was born on the 30th of October in 1735 at Braintree in the Massachusetts Bay Province. Before assuming the chair as President, John Adams served as the America’s first vice president during the period from 1789 to 1797. Being one among the Founding Fathers of America, John Adams was a diplomat, statesman, and a leading supporter of the Independence of America from Great Britain. Well cultured, John Adams was an Enlightenment political philosopher who supported the republicanism, in addition to a powerful central government, and wrote prolifically regarding his often determining ideas, both in letters and in published works to his wife, Abigail Adams who was the key consultant, as well.
All through this life, John Adams owned a slave and was fairly proud of the fact. Subsequent to the Boston Massacre, with anti-British sentiments in Boston at a steaming point, John Adams provided a moral, contentious, and thriving legal defense of the charged British warriors, as he believed in the right to advice and in the protection of blamelessness. John Adams attained the fame during the premature stages of the American Revolution. An attorney and public personality in Boston, an ambassador between Massachusetts and the Continental Congress, John Adams played a vital role in convincing Congress to declare freedom.
John Adams had assisted one of the American Founding Fathers, Thomas Jefferson, in drafting the 1776 Declaration of Independence, and was its chief advocate in the Congress. Later on, as an ambassador in Europe, John Adams assisted in discussing the ultimate peace treaty with Great Britain, and was in charge of getting important governmental loans from the bakers in Amsterdam. An historian and a political theorist, John Adams wrote most parts of the Massachusetts Constitution during 1780. One of the greatest roles of John Adams was the judge of character. In 1775, John Adams designated George Washington to be the commander-in-chief, and after 25 years, he designated John Marshall as the Chief Justice of America.
The groundbreaking credentials of John Adams secured him two terms as vice president under the presidentship of George Washington and his individual election during 1796 as the U.S. second president. During his solitary period as president, John Adams came across violent assaults by the Jeffersonian Republicans, in addition to the dominant group in his own Federalist Party, guided by Alexander Hamilton, his bitter opponent. John Adams, then signed the contentious Alien and Sedition Acts, and developed the Navy and Army, particularly in the face of an unsaid naval war, known as the Quasi-War with France during the period from 1798 to 1800. The major achievement of his presidency was his peaceful motion of the disagreement despite Hamilton's opposition.
John Adams was defeated for re-election in 1800 by Thomas Jefferson and he left for Massachusetts. Later, John Adams resumed his companionship with Jefferson. John Adams and his wife established a skillful family row of diplomats, politicians, and historians who are now mentioned as the Adams political family. John Adams was the father of the sixth American President, John Quincy Adams. John Adams was the first American president to live in the executive manor that ultimately became recognized as the White House.
John Adams died on the 4th of July in 1826 at the age of 90 in Quincy, Massachusetts.