Indiana, which is shortly mentioned as IN, is one of the 50 states of the United States, situated between the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of North America. It is surrounded by Ohio in the east, Illinois in the west, and the Lake Michigan on the northwest, and in the south, the state is separated by the Ohio River from Kentucky. Indiana is the 16th most populous and the 38th largest by area among the 50 states in the United States. Indiana is the least wide-ranging state in the bordering Appalachian Mountains on the western part of the United States.
Indiana was the 19th state admitted to the union on the 11th of December 1816. The total land area of Indiana is 36,417 square miles, which offers the state an area rank of 38 out of the available 50 states in the United States. In addition, water surface occupies 594 square miles of the total area of the state within its boundaries. There are 92 counties in Indiana among which the Newton County was recently formed in the state on the 8th of December 1859.
Consistent with 2010 United States Census information, the population of Indiana was 6,080,485. Among the counties of the Indiana State, the Marion County is ranked as the most populous county with the population of 903,393, and the Ohio County is ranked as the least populous county with the population of 6,128
As of 2010, there are 11 State Electoral Votes in Indiana. The State Quarter issue Date of Indiana is August 8, 2002. “The crossroads of America” is the state motto of Indiana.
Hoosier State is the nickname of the state of Indiana. The name of the state bird of Indiana is the Cardinal. The Yellow-poplar is the state tree of Indiana, and Peony is the state flower. Indianapolis is the state capital of Indiana. The Indianapolis City is the biggest of all cities in Indiana by population and ranks first in total land area, too. Kekionga is the oldest city in Indiana. The state of Indiana is served by six area codes, such as 219, 260, 317, 574, 765 and 812.
Before Indiana became a state, varying civilizations of native people and notable Native Americans occupied the state for thousands of years. After formation as a state, settlement models in Indiana have mirrored the regional civilizing segmentation present in the Eastern part of the United States. The northernmost tier of the state of Indiana was settled mostly by people from New York and New England, Central part of Indiana by refugees from neighboring Ohio and the Mid-Atlantic states, and the Southern part of Indiana by migrants from the Southern states, chiefly Tennessee and Kentucky.