Illinois, which is shortly mentioned as IL, is one of the 50 states of the United States, situated in the Midwestern part of the United States. It is surrounded by Indiana on the east, Lake Michigan on the northeast, Wisconsin on the north, the Wabash River in the south and Montana in the northeast. It is the fifth most crowded and 25th most extensive state in the United States. The state of Illinois is often distinguished as a microcosm of the whole country.
Illinois was the 21st state admitted to the union on the 3rd of December 1818. The total land area of Illinois is 57,916 square miles, which offers the state an area rank of 25 out of the available 50 states in the United States. In addition, water surface occupies 2,398 square miles of the total area of the state within its boundaries. There are 102 counties in Illinois the Ford County was recently formed in the state on the 17th of February 1859.
Consistent with 2010 United States Census information, the population of Illinois was 12,419,293. Among the counties of the Illinois State, the Cook County is ranked as the most populous county with the population of 5,194,675, and the Hardin County is ranked as the least populous county with the population of 4,320.
As of 2010, there are 20 State Electoral Votes in Illinois. The State Quarter issue Date of Illinois is January 2, 2003. “State Sovereignty, National Union” is the state motto of Illinois.
Prairie State is the nickname of the state of Illinois. The name of the state bird of Illinois is the Cardinal. The White Oak is the state tree of Illinois, and Purple Violet is the state flower. Springfield is the state capital of Illinois. The Aurora City is the biggest of all cities in Illinois by population, and the Chicago City ranks first in total land area. Cahokia is the oldest city in Illinois. The state of Illinois is served by 9 area codes, such as 217, 309, 312, 618, 630, 708, 773, 815 and 847.
The state of Illinois has a different economic base and is a chief transportation center with Chicago City and its suburbs in the northeast and the adjacent exurban area into which the city is expanding, small business cities and immense agricultural output in northern and central Illinois, and natural resources, such as timber, coal and petroleum in the south. The Port of Chicago unites Illinois to other worldwide harbors from the Great Lakes, through the Saint Lawrence Seaway, toward the Atlantic Ocean, including the Great Lakes toward the Mississippi River, through the Illinois River.