Category: US President
Herbert Hoover (1874–1964)
Herbert Hoover, who was the thirty-first American President, was born on the 10th of August in 1874 in West Branch, Iowa. Herbert Hoover served as the president of the country from 1929–1933. Herbert Hoover was a certified mining engineer, and he was brought up as a family member with religious movements, called Quaker. Herbert Hoover is a Republican, and he served as the chief of the United States Food Administration during the First World War. Herbert Hoover then became globally recognized for compassionate relief efforts during the Belgium war.
Herbert Hoover served as the Secretary of Commerce of the United States in the 1920s under the Presidentship of Calvin Coolidge and Warren G. Harding. Herbert Hoover supported partnerships between the business and the government under the rubric economic transformation. During the 1928 presidential election, Herbert Hoover won the Republican proposal without any difficulty, in spite of having no designated-office experience. Herbert Hoover is the last cabinet secretary to be chosen as the President of America, and he is one of the two American Presidents, the other one being William Howard Taft, elected with no electoral experience or high military status.
Herbert Hoover is an internationally experienced engineer, and he believed powerfully in the Efficiency Movement, which held that the economy and the government were riddled by means of incompetence and waste, and could be better by specialists who could recognize the problems and resolve them. Herbert Hoover believed in the significance of volunteerism, as well, and of the role of people in the society and in the economy. Herbert Hoover was the first of the two Presidents of America, the other president being, President Kennedy, to redistribute their entire salary to charity.
When the 1929 Wall Street Crash struck below eight months subsequent to assuming office as the president of America, Herbert Hoover attempted to battle the subsequent Great Depression through moderate government public works ventures, like the Hoover Dam. The record tariffs set out in the Smoot-Hawley Tariff and the top tax bracket had an aggressive increase from 25% to 63%, together with corporate tax increases. This yielded a fair budget during 1933, but at the same time, the economy plunged and joblessness rates increased to trouble one out of four American employees. This sliding twisting set the stage for the defeat of Hoover by Franklin D. Roosevelt, a Democratic candidate, in 1932.
After Roosevelt assumed office as the President of the United States in 1933, Herbert Hoover turned into a spokesperson against the foreign and domestic policies of the New Deal, which was promised by Roosevelt. In 1947, Harry S. Truman, the then American President, appointed Herbert Hoover to lead the Hoover Commission, planned to promote greater competence all through the federal system of government. Nearly all historians concur that the defeat of Herbert Hoover during the 1932 presidential election was caused chiefly by the descending economic spiral, even though his strong support for prevention of illegal activities was significant, as well. Usually, Herbert Hoover is ranked below average among the Presidents of the United States.
Herbert Hoover died on the 20th of October in 1964 at the age of 90 years in New York City.