Category: US President
Grover Cleveland (1837-1908)
Grover Cleveland was born on the 18th of March in 1837 in Caldwell, New Jersey. Grover Cleveland served as the twenty-second president of the United States of America from the 4th of March 1885 to the 4th of March 1889. Grover Cleveland again served as the twenty-fourth president of the country from 4th of March 1893 to the 4th of March 1897. Grover Cleveland was the winner of the admired vote for president three times during 1884, 1888, and 1892. Grover Cleveland was one of the two Democratic candidates beside Woodrow Wilson, who was elected to the post of president during the period of Republican political power during the period from 1861 to 1933.
Grover Cleveland, the fifth of the nine siblings, was christened as Stephen Grover in respect of the first priest of the Caldwell First Presbyterian Church. In this church, his father was a member of the clergy at the time. Later, Stephen Grover became recognized as Grover during his adult life
Grover Cleveland was the organizer of the pro-business Bourbon Democrats who were against Free Silver, high tariffs, price rises, imperialism, and grants to farmers, businesses, or veterans. The crusade of Cleveland for fiscal conservatism and political reform made him a representation of the American conservatives of the period. Grover Cleveland won the honor for his sincerity, independence, honesty, and dedication to the principles of traditional liberalism. He persistently fought against political bribery, bossism, and patronage. In reality, as a reformer the prestige of Cleveland was very strong that the compatible division of the Republican Party, known as Mugwumps, the Republican political campaigners, mainly bolted the GOP ticket for the post of president and swayed to his support during the 1884 presidential election.
As the second presidential tenure of Cleveland began, calamity hit the United States when the 1893 Panic created a severe nationwide depression, which Grover Cleveland was not capable to reverse. It damaged his Democratic Party, showing the way for a Republican avalanche during 1894 and for the agrarian and the silverite attack of the Democratic Party during 1896. The consequence was a political shift that wrecked the Third Party System and introduced the Fourth Party System in addition to the Progressive Age.
Grover Cleveland was a dreadful policymaker and drew a matching criticism. His interference in the 1894 Pullman Strike to maintain the railroads moving annoyed labor unions all over the country as well as the party in Illinois. The support of Cleveland for the gold standard and the opposition to Free Silver separated the agrarian division of the Democratic Party, as well. In addition, reviewers complained that he had modest imagination and he appeared overwhelmed by the country's economic calamities, despairs, and strikes during his second presidential term. Even then, the reputation of Cleveland for goodness and good nature stayed the troubles of his second tenure alive.
Allan Nevins, a biographer, wrote of Grover Cleveland as “The enormity in Grover Cleveland lies in usual instead of unusual features. He had no bequests that thousands of gentlemen do not encompass. He possessed sincerity, bravery, determination, sovereignty, and common sense. However, Cleveland owned them to a level other gentlemen do not.”
Grover Cleveland died on the 24th of June in 1908 at the age of 71 in Princeton, New Jersey.