Facts about Fengjing Pigs. The Fengjing a household breed of pig that is native to China. The Fengjing Pigs are largely found in the Chinese City of Shanghai. This name of this pig breed is derived from the name of one of the towns in Shanghai, called Fengjing. The major locations of the Fengjing Pig breeds the Chinese the districts, such as the Songjiang, the Jinshan and the Wujiang. The Fengjing pig breed is categorized as a kind of Taihu pig that can be largely found in the narrow area of mild sub-tropical type of weather around the region of the Taihu Lake, a big freshwater lake in the plains of Yangtze Delta close to Shanghai in China.
Features of Fengjing Pig
The Fengjing pig breed is a black color pig with a big size body and huge floppy ears. The Fengjing Pig is distinguished by its unique, extremely wrinkled face and it has a wrinkled body, as well. The Fengjing pigs will attain puberty at 2 1/2 to 3 months after their birth. The Fengjing Pig breed is one among the most prolific pig breeds in the world. The Fengjing Pig also, have high rates of embryo survival and great litter sizes. This Chinese pig breed has extremely high breeding rates, and the female Fengjing pig is capable of producing two litters for each year, with an average of 12 piglets during the first parity and then, increasing to 17 piglets during third parity among 12 surviving to be weaned. The sizes of the litter are up to 20 taking place regularly. Though the growth rate of the Fengjing pig breed is relatively slow, the breed has a tender and good taste.
Fengjing pig breed production
The climax of the production of the Fengjing pig breed took place during the late Qing Dynasty with yearly production of 200,000 pigs from the Fengjing town in Shanghai. In recent years, greater interest has developed in Western countries for the likelihood of using Fengjing pig breed in the female line up of a breeding program with the expectation that they can perk up the flavor, disease confrontation and litter size at the same time as retaining the rapid growth of Western pig breeds, perhaps using hereditary engineering methods. The Fengjing Pig breeds were brought during 1989 in the United States under a scheme of the Department of Agriculture of the United States with the Iowa State University and the University of Illinois.
Later, together with the Fengjing pig breed, other breed of pigs, such as the Meishan pigs and the Minzhu pigs were also brought into the United States through this program at the same time. A sum of 144 pigs of these breeds was brought to the United States and the Iowa State University received eight Fengjing male pigs for research on the 27th of July 1989.
The Fengjing pig breeds are measured as Taihu pigs for the reason that the Taihu Lake is the area of the origin of these pigs. Both the Meishan pigs and Fengjing pigs hail this region of valleys and lakes in China.
Diet of Fengjing Pig
The Fengjing pig breeds are capable of consuming huge amounts of roughage. In the captive, the Fengjing Pigs are maintained well fed and well administered. The Fengjing Pig mostly feed on the diet that is made up of concentrates, water plants and farm by-products. In the wild, they feed on grass, leaves, the roots of the tree or plants, flowers, and fruit. Fengjing Pigs are omnivores like humans, an omnivores, (definition-they eat both other animals and plants). The Fengjing Pig snout is its most important tool for finding food. The Fengjing Pigs snout is used for their excellent sense of smell.
The saliva of Fengjing Pigs contains pheromones-( A chemical substance used to attract a mate) similar to that of other pig breeds that communicate their sexual wants. The male Fengjing Pigs discharge this steroid and female pigs will go to vast lengths to acquire a smell of the stuff.
Fengjing Pigs are raised for there meat such as ham, sausage, bacon and pork chops. Pigs can make great pets. A wild male pig is called a (boar)- meaning uncastrated male pig, that lives in the wild and can be hunted. Feral pigs (means wild) can be a very big danger where humans habitat.
Fengjing Pigs can carry a variety of diseases and can pass them to humans. Fengjing Pigs have small lungs compared to their body size.
The term Swine: is any variety of omnivorous, even-toed ungulates of the family Suidae, this includes hogs, boars and pigs having a short neck, thick skin a movable snout and a stout body.
Fengjing Pigs unlike is said, happen to be very clean animals. Fengjing Pigs make sure their bathroom area is far away from where they eat, lie down and rest, even piglets (baby pigs) will find a place to go to the bathroom, far away from their nest.
Fengjing Pigs Feet
The four feet and four toes of the Pig are called "trotters" that humans eat as a delicacy called pigs feet or pigs knuckles. A Fengjing Pigs foot has four toes that are pointed downwards when the pig walks, it walks on the tips of its toes, rather than its whole foot and only uses two of the toes in the middle and the outside toes for balance. The Fengjing Pig has tougher feet at the ends that are hooves. The two toes in the middle of the foot are slightly webbed, this helps the Fengjing Pigs balance for walking.
A female adult pig is called a (sow) and the male adult pig is called a (boar).
Fengjing Pigs do not sweat a lot, that's why they cover themselves in the mud to keep their bodies cool. The expression "sweating like a pig" comes from a reference to pig iron, which comes form iron smelting.
Fengjing Pigs are very intelligent, not like people think, that pigs are dumb animals. A Fengjing Pig can drink between 10 to 14 gallons (37.8 to 53 liters) of water in a day. Fengjing Pigs have 44 teeth when full grown, when they are baby pigs (piglets) the have 28 teeth which will fall out when they are 12 months old. Just like human teeth, the Fengjing Pig has an enamel coating that makes the pigs teeth stronger and helps it curb disease. Fengjing Pigs chew their food because pigs have a digestive system similar to a human digestive system and cannot digest food that is not chewed.
The scientific name for Pig (Sus scrofa), the wild swine (Boar) from the old world with a narrow body and prominent tusks is from where most domestic swine come from and introduced in the United States and bred to what we have as today's pig. The "fear of pigs Swinophobia".