Category: Coniferous Trees
Facts about Eastern Hemlock Tree, "Scientific name for Eastern Hemlock Tree is Tsuga canadensis".
Eastern Hemlock Tree is a coniferous tree that belongs to the Tsuga genus of the Pinaceae family. The Eastern Hemlock Trees are native to the eastern parts of North America. The tree performs well in shadow and it is an extremely long living tree. The Eastern Hemlock Trees are largely found at sea level in the northern part of its range, but it is chiefly found at heights of 2,000 feet to 5,900 feet (600 meters to 1,800 meters). The Eastern Hemlock tree ranges from the northeastern parts of Minnesota eastward up to the southern parts of Quebec and hooked on Nova Scotia, and the southern parts of the Appalachian Mountains to the northern parts of Alabama and Georgia. The Eastern Hemlock Tree is also primarily found on rock-strewn ridges, hillsides and ravines with fairly high levels of dampness. The Eastern Hemlock tree is the official state tree of the Pennsylvania State.
The Eastern Hemlock Tree is capable of growing to a maximum height of 100 feet (31 meters). It has a trunk with a diameter of 5 feet (1.5 meters) at the breast. Usually, the trunk of the Eastern Hemlock Tree is monopodial and straight, but very infrequently it is forked. The top of the Eastern Hemlock Tree is mostly conic, whereas the brown colored bark is crusty and profoundly fissured, particularly with age.
The branches of the Eastern Hemlock tree are a yellow-tan in color with darker red-tan pulvini, and they are thickly pubescent.
The leaves of the Eastern Hemlock tree, are usually have a length between 19/32 inches to 29/32 inches (15 mm to 20 mm), but they may be as small as 13/64 inches (5 mm) or as long as 1 inch (25 mm). The leaves are flattened and are usually two-ranked or distichous. The base part of the leaf is glaucous with two wide and obviously visible stomata bands, whereas the upper part of the leaf has a glossy green to yellow-green in color. The margins of a leaf are extremely vaguely toothed, particularly close to the apex.
The sprouts of the Eastern Hemlock tree are oval in shape and are extremely small, with the length, ranging from 3/64 inches to 3/32 inches (1.5 mm to 2.5 mm). These buds are generally not resinous, but they may be a little so.
The seed cones of the Eastern Hemlock tree are ovoid in form and they usually have a length between 19/32 to 1 inch (1.5 to 2.5 cm) and a width between 0.4 inches and 0.6 inches (1 cm and 1.5 cm). The scales of the Eastern Hemlock Tree are ovate to cuneate in form and they have a length ranging from 5/16 inches to 1/2 inches (8 mm to 12 mm) and a breadth that ranges from 5/16 inches to 13/32 inches (7 mm to 10 mm).
The top of the Eastern Hemlock tree is relatively rounded and is habitually projected external. There are about 24 diploid chromosomes that are available within the DNA of this tree.
The wood of the Eastern Hemlock tree is soft, common-grained, and pale buff in color. When the wood gets dried, it carries a weight of 28 lbs per cubic foot. The lumber of the Eastern Hemlock Tree is exercised for general structure and crates. Due to the wood’s strange power of tolerating spikes, it is exercised for railroad ties, as well. The wood of the tree is a good resource of pulp for the manufacture of paper, as well.
Generally, the Eastern Hemlock tree is a long-living tree, and there is a record that the tree has survived with the minimum lifespan of 554 years.