Delhi is one of the historical cities of India, and it is the capital of India. It is one among the Union territories of India and it also called the Indian National Capital Territory. Delhi has expanded its growth beyond the National Capital Region to include towns in adjacent states. As of 2014, its major extent can rely on the population of 25 million inhabitants, and it is the biggest urban agglomeration in the country by population and land area, and the fourth most crowded city in the world.
History of Delhi
Delhi was the location of antique Indraprastha, the capital of the Pandavas kingdom during the Mahabharata. The city emerged again as a chief cultural, political and commercial city down the business routes between the Gangetic plain and northwest India during the period of the Delhi Sultanate.
During AD 1639, the Mughal monarch, Shah Jahan constructed an innovative walled city called Shahjahanabad in Delhi. The city was used as the capital of the Mughal kingdom from 1649 pending the 1857 Rebellion. At present, this Shahjahanabad city is called as Old Delhi. The larger part of Old Delhi is still detained within the space walls of Shah Jahan, and numerous gates, such as the Delhi Gate, Kashmiri Gate, the Ajmeri Gate and the Turkman Gate were constructed during his rule, that are still standing.
During 1911, it was decided by the British to move the Indian capital from Kolkata to Delhi, and a three-element group was formed to prepare the construction of the novel administrative center. Sir Edwin Lutyens was the key architect of the committee, who offered shape to the city. During 1912, the British moved to the partly constructed New Delhi, and finally, the construction was finished during 1931. During the 1920s, New Delhi, the novel capital city was constructed to the southern part of the Old Delhi. When the British vacated India during 1947, New Delhi has turned into its nationalized capital and seat of the central government.
The Delhi City features an unusual version of the moist subtropical type of weather. The hot season continues from 9th April to 8th July of the year, with an average every day high temperature over 97 F (36 C). The warmest day of the year is 22nd May of the year, with an average high temperature of 100 F (38 C) and the low temperature of 77 F (25 C). The cold season of the city continues from 11th December to 11th February of the year, with an average every day high temperature less than 64 F (18 C).
Delhi is the biggest commercial hub in the northern part of India, with an anticipated net State Domestic Product of Rs. 1578 billion in so-called terms, and approximately Rs. 6300 billion in purchasing power parity terms. The per capita income of the city as of 2013 was Rs. 210000, which is the highest in the country. The Gross State Domestic Product in the city at the existing prices for the financial year 2012-13 is predictable at Rs 3.66 trillion against Rs 3.11 trillion during 2011-12.
Road: The Delhi City has the maximum road density of 2103 kilometers per 100 square kilometers in India. Buses are the major popular way of road transport, serving about 60% of the total demand of Delhi. The city has one among the biggest bus transport systems of India.
Railway: Delhi is the most important terminal in the network of the Indian railway, and it the head office of the Northern Railway. The five major railway stations in Delhi include Old Delhi, New Delhi railway station, Nizamuddin Railway Station, Sarai Rohilla and Anand Vihar Railway Terminal. A mass swift transport system called the Delhi Metro was constructed and run by The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation, which serves several parts of Delhi and the adjacent cities, such as Noida, Gurgaon and Ghaziabad.
Air: Delhi has well-organized airports, such as the Indira Gandhi International Airport, which is located in the southwestern part of Delhi. This airport is the major gateway for the international and domestic national air traffic of the city. This airport was used by over 35 million commuters during 2012-13, making it one among the busiest air terminals in South Asia.
There are many private and public schools in Delhi, which use either Hindi or English as the medium of instruction. These schools are affiliated with one among the three administering bodies, such as the Central Board of Secondary Education, the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, or the National Institute of Open Schooling. During 2004–05, about 1.529 million (15.29 lakh) learners were registered in primary schools, 0.822 million (8.22 lakh) in middle schools and 0.669 million (6.69 lakh) in secondary schools across the city.
The culture of Delhi has been influenced by its long history and historic relationship as the Indian capital. This is epitomized by several significant tombstones in the city. Delhi is as well, recognized as the place of Indraprastha, the antique capital of the Pandavas. In Delhi, there are 175 monuments and 1200 heritage buildings as national tradition sites.