Coast Redwood Tree
Category: Coniferous Trees
Facts about Coast Redwood Tree, "Scientific name for Coast Redwood Tree is Sequoia sempervirens". Coast Redwood, California Redwood, redwood or Sequoia sempervirens trees are named for their range, along the coast of central California to southern Oregon, never more than fifty miles inland. The Coast Redwood Tree live in the foggy coastal forests along the Pacific ocean.
The Coast Redwood Tree is an evergreen tree. It is the only living member of the cypress family Cupressaceae. The Coast Redwood Tree is one of three sequoia species, with the dawn redwood and the giant sequoia the other members of the sequoia family.
The Coast Redwood Tree "Sequoia sempervirens" is one of the tallest trees in the world. They can grow taller than a skyscraper, with the tallest specimen Hyperion reaching 379 feet (115 meters), close to the maximum height biologists believe a tree could reach before its circulatory system would be unable to pump water up to its canopy. The tallest Coast Redwood Trees are located in river valleys with deep soil. However, the Coast Redwood Tree is a relatively very narrow tree. Del Norte Titan is three hundred feet tall but only sixty feet wide.
The Coast Redwood Trees live up to 2,000 years. Many specimens over a thousand years old have been identified. Unlike many redwoods, the Coast Redwood Tree starts growing again after it is cut. It may live as long as 2,500 years, but no specimens that old have been found.
The Coast Redwood Tree provides home not only to the birds in its canopy but shelters many lichens, ferns, salamanders and other plants and animals that live in its canopy. The Coast Redwood Tree’s canopy has been compared to the biodiversity of the rain forest, since the greatest biodiversity is found fifty (15 meters) and more feet up above the ground.
The Coast Redwood Tree’s leaves are much bigger and flatter than its cousin sequoia’s leaves. Their crowns are equally conical, but their cones are smaller.
The Coast Redwood Tree is the symbol of California. These iconic trees are commonly found in Redwood National Park and Muir Woods National Monument in California and throughout the Pacific Northwest.