Facts about Brown Butterfly, the Brown Butterfly is a Maniola type of butterfly that comes from the Nymphalidae family. The Brown Butterfly are largely found in the Palearctic Ecozone. The Brown Butterfly are also found in the Urals, Iraq, Asia Minor, North Africa, Iran, and the Canary Islands. The Browns Butterfly mostly lives in forest-steppe, forest edge and meadow steppe homes at a maximum height of 2,000 meters (6,560 feet) above sea level, as well as in cultured lands, such as forest plantations, meadow, orchards and parks.
The Brown Butterfly is an average-sized butterfly, with a body length between 2 1/4 to 2 1/2 inches (5.6 cm and 6.5 cm), with the wingspan, ranging from 50 mm to 55 mm in both males and females.
There is noticeable sexual dimorphism in Brown Butterfly. Male Brown Butterfly are less colorful than the females, with small-size eyespots and much abridged orange regions on the upper front wings. The Browns Butterfly has a variable amount of smaller eyespots with single white color pupils, which are usually found on the underside of their back wing. There may a maximum of 12 for each Brown Butterfly, with a maximum of 6 on each front and back wing.
The evolutionary importance of the upper wing eyespots in the Browns Butterfly is more obvious. The extremely active male Brown Butterfly have a noticeably more cryptic upper side design, whereas the females have more chance to show their eyespots in an unexpected exhibit of patterns and colors that most probably alarm predators, so the Brown Butterfly has an enhanced possibility of escaping.
The Brown Butterfly is the most copious butterfly variety in several habitats. They may be found in hundreds together at some locations, flying low over the plants. Adult Brown Butterfly fly even in dull climate when nearly all other butterflies are stationary
The Brown Butterfly is univoltine and mature butterflies come out over a long period during the summer, spring and autumn seasons. Some butterflies boast a short larval growth time and some have an extended growth time and produce belatedly adults. This is controlled hereditarily.
The Brown Butterfly mostly feeds on feeding the nectar of a broad range of plants, in addition to the nectar of larval food plants, as well as rough and smooth meadow grass.
The Brown Butterfly varieties are much more active than the female Brown Butterfly and range far about, whereas female butterflies fly less and habitually may not ahead of the region where they were developed. The Brown Butterfly will rest by means of their closed wings, but they will open and close their wings quickly, flashing their vivid colors to puzzle and alarm their predators.
The mating season in the Brown Butterfly variety starts during the month of July and the female butterflies lay their eggs on grasslands. They can be largely seen in the meadows so that their larvae can feed on adequate amounts of grasses. The female Brown Butterfly lay their eggs over an extended period between the months of July and September on a range of grasses. The little caterpillars come out soon afterwards, over the winter season in grass tussocks earlier than completing its growth and pupating during the last part of May or June.
Though most of the male Brown Butterfly dies soon after the mating, the female butterflies live up to 3 months. Butterflies are insects. A Butterfly is a herbivore; Meaning that as a caterpillar its first food is its own eggshell and than it will eat the leaves of the plant on which it is hatched. When it becomes a butterfly, it will feed mostly on nectar from flowers, rotting fruit and water with a "proboscis" - a long narrow tube in their mouth that looks like a straw.
Life cycle of a butterfly comes in four stages, egg, larva "caterpillars", pupa "chrysalis" and adult Butterfly.
A Butterfly will attach its eggs to leaves with a special glue.
When caterpillars become fully grown they will attach to an appropriate leaf or small branch, than they will shed the outside layer of their skin and a hard skin underneath known as a "chrysalis" will be their new look
An adult butterfly will come out from the "chrysalis" than it waits a few hours for its wings to dry and fill with blood, before it takes its first flight.
Butterflies can see yellow, green, and red. An adult butterfly average life span is from a week to a year
The top flight speed of a butterfly is 12 miles per hour (19 Km/ph) and some moths can fly up to 25 miles per hour (40 Km/ph).
A Butterfly is cold-blooded, which means the body temperature is not regulated on its own. A Butterfly can't fly or eat if their body temperature is below 82 degrees fah (28 cel). Butterfly's are often basking in the sun with their wings open to gain heat and than the veins in the wings carry the heat to the body.
A Butterfly has sense organ, on their feet or tarsi, for tasting
The estimate is between 15000 and 20000 different species of butterfly.
A butterfly has a small body, made up of three parts – the head, abdomen and thorax. A Butterfly has two large eyes, which are made up of many small parts which are called "compound eyes".
A butterfly has two antenna's on the top of their heads, which they use to smell, hear and feel. A butterfly’s mouth is a long tube a "proboscis" - a long narrow tube in their mouth that looks like a straw when its done eating, it rolls the tube back up.
A Butterfly has three pairs of legs and their feet have little claws that help them stand on flowers. The butterfly's wings are made up of hard tubes that are covered with a thin tissue. The butterfly's wings are covered with fine dusty like scales. A Butterfly has four brightly colored wings having distinctive patterns made up of tiny scales. The bright patterns scales sometimes have hidden ultraviolet patterns for attracting mates. The bright colors are also used as camouflage to hide them or scare off predictors.