After the Second World War, the Allies divided the beaten Germany into four zones, such as a Soviet-occupied zone, a British-occupied zone, an American-occupied zone, and a French-occupied zone. Berlin, the capital city of German, was situated deep in the Soviet region, but it was also separated into four divisions. The Russians, who wanted the whole of Berlin for themselves, closed all railroads, highways, and canals in June 1948 from western-engaged Germany into western-engaged Berlin. They supposed that this would make it unfeasible for the people who resided there to obtain food or any other provisions and would finally drive France, Britain, and the United States from the city for good. However, rather than retreating from West Berlin, the United States and its allies determined to supply their city sectors from the air. This attempt is called Berlin Airlift, and it continued for over one year and carried in excess of 2.3 million tons of consignment into West Berlin. An Allied supply airplane took off or grounded in West Berlin once in 30 seconds during the Berlin airlift. Altogether, the airplanes made almost 300,000 flights.
As the Second World War came to an end during 1945, the associated powers, organized peace meetings at Potsdam and Yalta to decide the way they would divide the territories of Germany. The agreements divided the defeated country into four allied livelihood zones. They offered the eastern part of Germany to the Soviet Union and the Western part of the country to the Great Britain and the United States. In turn, those countries approved to yield a small division of their territories to France.
Although Berlin was situated completely inside the Soviet division of the country, the Potsdam and Yalta agreements in the same way divided the German capital into Allied sectors in the same way. The eastern half was taken by the Soviets, whereas the western was taken by other Allies. This employment of Berlin, administered by a multi-power organization known as the Kommandatura, commenced during June 1945.
The Soviets were discontented with this agreement. Twice in modern memory, they had been attacked by Germany, and they had no curiosity in promoting the reunification of the country, yet it appeared that was exactly what the Great Britain, the United States and France had in their mind. During 1946, the British and the Americans combined their two divisions into a single division called Bizonia, and the French were also getting ready to join. The three western partners formed a single new currency, called the Deutsche Mark during 1948 for all of their living zones, which is a move that made the Soviets panicked that it would devalue the previously hyper-increased Reichsmarks fatally, which they exercised in the east. It was the final straw for the Soviets.
Nearly all historians concur that the Berlin Airlift blockade was also a disappointment in other ways. It boosted the Cold War tensions and made the Soviets rely on the rest parts of the world similar to a cruel and capricious opponent. It accelerated the formation of West Germany, and, by representing that the Western European countries and the United States had common curiosities and a common enemy, it provoked the formation of the NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, a coalition that still lives today.