Alaska, which is shortly mentioned as AK, is one among the 50 states of the United States, located on the northwest edge of the continent of North America. It is surrounded by Yukon in the east, the Pacific Ocean in the south and west, the Arctic Ocean in the north. Alaska is the biggest state by area in the United States, the 4th least crowded and the least thickly populated among the 50 states in the United States. Approximately 50 % of the residents of Alaska live in the Anchorage city area. The economy of Alaska is dominated by the natural gas, oil and fishing industries, resources which the state has abundantly. Tourism is as well, an important part of the economy.
Alaska was the 49th state admitted to the union on the 3rd of January 1959. The total land area of Alaska is 586,412 square miles square miles, which is the largest state by area out of the available 50 states in the United States. Alaska has over three million lakes. Marshlands and damp land permafrost occupy 188,320 square miles and glacier ice occupies about 16,000 square miles and the tidal zone occupies 1,200 square miles. The Bering Glacier occupies 2,250 square miles. With this huge number of glaciers, Alaska includes 50 % glaciers in the world. There are 19 counties in Alaska among which the Petersburg County was the most recent county formed in the state, on the 3rd of December 2013.
Consistent with 2010 United States Census information, the population of Alaska was 710,231. Among the counties of the Alaska State, Municipality of Anchorage is ranked as the most populous county with the population of 291,826, and Yakutat City and Borough is ranked as the least populous county with the population of 662.
As of 2010, there are 3 State Electoral Votes in Alaska. The State Quarter issue Date of Alaska is August 25, 2008. “North to the future” is the state motto of Alaska.
The nickname of Alaska is the Last Frontier and the Land of the Midnight Sun. The name of the state bird of Alaska is Willow Ptarmigan. The Picea sitchensis is the state tree of Alaska, and Forget-Me-Not is the state flower. Juneau is the state capital of Alaska. Anchorage is the biggest of all cities in Alaska by population, and in total land area the Sitka city ranks first. Sitka is also the oldest city in Alaska.
The entire Alaska State is served by the area code 907, excluding for the undersized southeastern Alaska Society of Hyder, which employs the 250 area code of the adjacent Stewart in British Columbia.