Alabama, which is shortly mentioned as AL, is one of the 50 states of the United States, situated in the southeast part of the United States. It is surrounded by Georgia in the east, Mississippi in the west Florida in the south, Tennessee in the north and the Gulf of Mexico in the south. Alabama is the 23rd most heavily populated and 30th most extensive state of the total 50 United States. Alabama contains one among the longest navigable domestic waterways in the country at 1,300 miles.
Alabama was the 22nd state admitted to the union on the 14th of December 1819. The total land area of Alabama is 50645.33 square miles, which offers the state an area rank of 30 out of the available 50 states in the United States. In addition, water surface occupies one square miles of the total area of the state within its boundaries. There are a total of 67 counties in Alabama among which the Houston County was the most recent county formed in the state, on the 9th of February 1903.
Consistent with 2010 United States Census information, the population of Alabama was 4,779,736. Among the counties of the Alabama State, Jefferson County is ranked as the most populous county with the population of 658,466, and Greene County is ranked as the least populous county with the population of 9,045.
Currently, there are 9 State Electoral Votes in Alabama. The population of the state is increased by 332,636 as of 2012. The State Quarter issue Date of Alabama is March 17, 2003. “We Dare Defend Our Rights” is the state motto of Alabama.
The name of the state bird of Alabama is the Yellowhammer, so it is nicknamed as Yellowhammer State. Heart of Dixie and Cotton State are other nicknames of Alabama. The Longleaf Pine is the state tree of Alabama, and Camellia is the state flower. Montgomery is the state capital of Alabama. Birmingham is the biggest of all cities in Alabama by population, and in total land area the Huntsville city ranks first. Mobile, the city which was discovered by French colonists is the oldest city in Alabama.
The Alabama State is served by five area codes. 205 was the first entire area code of Alabama in 1947.Then, the southern half of the state was allotted with the area code 334 in 1995. The first area code 205 was further divided in 1998, when eastern and north Alabama were allotted with 256 as their area code. Later, the southwestern part of Alabama was allotted with the area code 251. As of July 2010, the fifth area code 938 overlays the code256. So, as on date the area codes in Alabama include 205, 251, 256, 334 and 938.