The 1763 Indian and French War is a seven-year war that was fought between France and the settlements of British America, supported by their concerned military units, including Native American associates. The war commenced during 1754 and ended during 1763, and hence the name. At the beginning of the war, the colonies of French North America had a population of about 60,000 European colonists, when compared to 2 million inhabitants in the colonies of British North America. The outnumbered French people chiefly depended on the Indians. Long in the clash, the Metropole countries declared war in 1756on each other, growing the war from a regional matter into a global conflict.
Origin of the name
The name, Indian and French War is mostly used in the United States and mentions the two major enemies of the British settlers, such as the royal forces of France and the different native forces associated with them. European and British historians use the expression the “Seven Years' War”, like the English speaking Canadians use. French Canadians call the war as La guerre de la Conquete in French, which means the War of Conquest.
Cause of the war
The 1763 Indian and French War was fought mostly along the borders between the British colonies and New France, from the southern side of Virginia to the northern side of Nova Scotia. The war started with a disagreement over the control of the convergence of the Monongahela and Allegheny rivers, known as the Forks of the Ohio, and the location of the current Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania and the French Fort Duquesne. The dispute exploded into fighting during May 1754 in the Battle of Jumonville Glen, during which the militiamen of Virginia fought under the control of George Washington, who was only 22 years old, trapped a French patrol.
Result of the war
Six regal governors in North America met with a British bureaucrat and the new commander-in-chief for the thirteen settlements at the time of the actions, General Edward Braddock in 1755, and designed a four-way assault on the French. None were successful and the major effort by Edward Braddock was a tragedy, and he was beaten on the 9th of July 1755 at the Battle of the Monongahela and after some days he died. The British operations from 1755 to 1757 in the Pennsylvanian and New York border areas all failed, owing to a combination of internal divisions, deprived management, and efficient Canadian, regular forces of France, and the offense of Indians. The British confined the Fort Beausejour in 1755 on the boundary, separating Nova Scotia from the new French colony, Acadia. Soon after that the British forces ordered the eviction of the people of Acadia. Orders for the expulsion were offered by the North American Commander-in-Chief, William Shirley, devoid of the direction of Great Britain. The Acadia people, who both captured in weapons and those who had avowed the loyalty pledge to His Britannic Majesty, were excluded. Similarly, Native Americans were driven from their land to create a way for colonists from New England.
The Indian and French War officially ended in North America, with the marking of the Treaty of Paris on the 10th of February 1763, and the warfare in the European theater was resolved by the Treaty of Hubertusburg on the 15th of February 1763.