Category: US President
Woodrow Wilson (1856–1924)
Woodrow Wilson, the leader of the Progressive Movement, was born on the 28th of December in 1856 in Staunton, Virginia. Woodrow Wilson served as the twenty-eighth American President during the period between 1913 and 1921. Woodrow Wilson earned a doctorate degree in political science, and from 1902 to 1910, he worked as the President of the Princeton University. From 1911 to 1913, Woodrow Wilson served as the New Jersey Governor, and guided his Democratic Party to victory in both the Congress and in the White House in 1912.
Woodrow Wilson persuaded a Democratic Congress to approve an unmatched progressive legislative program, pending the 1933 New Deal. This included the Federal Trade Commission Act, Federal Reserve Act, the Federal Farm Loan Act, the Clayton Antitrust Act and a small income tax. Woodrow Wilson prevented a railroad strike, as well, and a subsequent economic disaster in the course of passage of the Adamson Act, enforcing an eight-hour workday for railroads. At the eruption of the First World War in 1914, Woodrow Wilson maintained a neutral policy. However, Woodrow Wilson followed an aggressive policy in addressing the Civil War in Mexico.
Narrowly elected again in 1916, the second tenure of Woodrow Wilson was subjugated by American interference into the First World War. When the German underwater warfare was sinking the merchant ships of America in April 1917, Woodrow Wilson requested Congress to announce war so as to make the world protected for social equality. The United States carried out military operations with the partners, without an official alliance. At the time of the war, Woodrow Wilson focused on financial and diplomacy considerations, leaving the military plan to the generals, particularly to General John J. Pershing. Woodrow Wilson offered a loan of billions of dollars to France, Britain, and other Allies, enabling them to finance their individual war effort.
Woodrow Wilson started the primary large-scale draft in 1917 on the home front, increased income taxes, and rented billions of dollars in war subsidy through the recently established Liberty Bonds and Federal Reserve System for popular subscription. Woodrow Wilson formed the War Industries Board, supported labor union collaboration, administered agriculture, and food manufacture in the course of the Lever Act and offered the direct power of the railroads to William McAdoo, the Secretary of the Treasury. Woodrow Wilson formed an efficient draft law and he was sending the recently trained warriors to France by summer of 1918 at the rate of 10,000 soldiers per day.
Woodrow Wilson also repressed the anti-war campaigns through the 1917 Espionage Act and through the 1918 Sedition Act. A crackdown was intensified by A. Mitchell Palmer, the Attorney General of Wilson, to embrace non-citizen antiwar campaigners during the 1919–1920 First Red Scare. In 1918, subsequent to years of calling for the state level suffrage, Woodrow Wilson sanctioned a constitutional modification that achieved countrywide women's suffrage during 1920 over the Southern opposition. Woodrow Wilson looked for and got support from many in the black society, but his testimony on race as American President has been condemned by new scholars. Woodrow Wilson took his own control of compromises when a peace agreement was demanded by Germany, and Woodrow Wilson delivered his principles for peace in 1918, which is the Fourteen Points.
A dedicated Presbyterian, Woodrow Wilson infused a deep sense of morals into his globalism, currently mentioned as Wilsonian, which is a controversial position in the foreign policy of America that forces the United States to encourage international democracy.
Woodrow Wilson died on the 3rd of February in 1924 at the age of 67 in Washington, D.C.