Tokyo is one among the 47 regions and the capital of Japan. It is the Imperial Palace and the seat of the government of Japan. Tokyo is the most heavily populated metropolitan region in the world, and it the abode of the Imperial Family of Japan. . Tokyo lies in the Kanto area on the southeastern part of the major island Honshu and it includes the Ogasawara Islands and the Izu Islands. Tokyo Metropolis was created during 1943 as a result of the merger of the earlier Tokyo region and the city of Tokyo.
History of Tokyo
At first, Tokyo was a small rural fishing community, called by the name, Edo, which was a part of the old Musashi Province in earlier times. It was first occupied by the Edo tribe, in the late 12th century. During 1457, Ota Dokan, a samurai soldier-poet, military diplomat and a Buddhist priest of Japan constructed the Edo Castle. In 1590, the founder and the first Japanese shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate, Tokugawa Ieyasu made Edo his pedestal and he became shogun during 1603, and the township became the center of his countrywide military government. During the following Edo era, Edo developed into one among the biggest cities in the world with one million inhabitants by the 18th century. The Tokyo City became the actual capital of Japan even as the monarch lived in the imperial capital, Kyoto. After 263 years, the Tokugawa shogunate was conquered under the sign of reinstating imperial rule. Then, during 1943, the city of Tokyo was merged with the metropolitan region of Tokyo.
The previous city of Tokyo and the most mainland of Tokyo are positioned in the damp subtropical climate zone, with hot, moist summers and usually mild winters with breezy spells. The area, similar to many parts of Japan, experiences a seasonal lag for one month, with August being the warmest month that averages 81.5 F (27.5 C), and January being the coolest month that averages 42.8 F (6.0 C). Tokyo also frequently experiences typhoons every year, though some are powerful.
Tokyo has the major metropolitan financial system in the world, with the urban area population of 35.2 million people and a total gross domestic product of US$1.91 trillion during 2012, which was the recorded figure. Among companies that are listed on the worldwide 500, 51 companies are based in Tokyo, which is almost two times that of Paris, the second-positioned city.
As the heart of the Greater Tokyo Area, Tokyo is the major domestic and global hub of Japan for ground, rail and air transportation. Public transport in Tokyo is controlled by a wide network of hygienic and well-organized trains and subways, operated by various operators, with monorails, buses and trams, occupying a secondary feeder function.
Tokyo is equipped with lots of junior colleges, universities and professional schools. Several of the most celebrated universities of Japan are located in Tokyo, including Hitotsubashi University, University of Tokyo, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Keio University and Waseda University. There are also many biggest national universities located in Tokyo. Publicly operated nursery schools, elementary schools, and high schools are run by municipal offices or local wards. The city also includes several private schools, ranging from nursery school to high school.
Tokyo includes countless museums, among which the Tokyo National Museum in Ueno Park is the biggest museum of Japan that specializes in the traditional art of Japan. The city also includes the Ueno Zoo and the National Museum of Western Art. Other museums in the city include the Odaiba’s National Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation, the Sumida’s Edo-Tokyo Museum, the Nezu Museum in Aoyama, and the National Archives, National Diet Library and the National Museum of Modern Art are the renowned museums, located close to the Imperial Palace.