Category: US President
Thomas Jefferson was born on the 13th of April 1743 in Shadwell, which is a Virginian colony. Being a Founding Father of America, Thomas Jefferson was the main author of the 1776 Declaration of Independence. Thomas Jefferson served as the third American President during the period from 1801 to 1809. Thomas Jefferson was a spokesperson for democracy, and followed the republicanism principles and the human rights of the individual with global influence.
At the commencement of the American Revolution, Thomas Jefferson served in the Continental Congress, on behalf of Virginia, and then served as the Virginia wartime Governor from 1779 to 1781. Thomas Jefferson then became the U.S. Minister to France in May 1785 and later on, became the first American Secretary of State during the period from 1790 to 1793, serving under the presidentship of George Washington. In disagreement with the Alexander Hamilton's Federalism, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, the intimate friend of Jefferson, structured the Democratic-Republican Party, and afterward he resigned from the cabinet of Washington.
In 1796, Thomas Jefferson was chosen Vice President in the government of John Adams. However, Thomas Jefferson opposed John Adams, and he wrote the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions secretly with Madison, which endeavored to invalidate the Alien and Sedition Acts. When Thomas Jefferson was elected as the President of the United States, he called it as the Revolution of 1800. Elected president in what Jefferson called the "Revolution of 1800", he administered the purchase of the huge Louisiana Territory in 1903 from France. He sent out the Lewis and Clark voyage during the period from 1804 to 1806, and later, with three others, to travel around the new west.
During his presidency, Thomas Jefferson increased the size of the United States by two times. His second tenure was overwhelmed with dilemma at home, like the unsuccessful treason trial of Aaron Burr, his earlier Vice President. When American shipping was threatened by Britain, challenging the neutrality of the United States during its conflict with Napoleon, Thomas Jefferson tried economic war with his prohibition laws, which impeded only the foreign trade of America. President Thomas Jefferson started a process of Indian tribal elimination during 1803 to the west of the Mississippi River and the Louisiana Territory which opened lands for ultimate settlers of America. Thomas Jefferson wrote and signed into law a bill in 1807, which prohibited slave imports into the United States of America.
Jefferson was an innovator in the Enlightenment, and he was a polymath in the Sciences, arts, and politics. Considered a key architect in the usual tradition, Thomas Jefferson designed his Monticello home and other prominent buildings. Thomas Jefferson was intensely interested in invention, science, architecture, philosophy, and religion. Thomas Jefferson was a vigorous member and the last president of the Philosophical Society of America. Thomas Jefferson was a multilingual personality and well-verse in Greek, French, Italian, Spanish, and Latin, and studied other linguistics and languages, interests that led him to establish the University of Virginia following his presidency. Even though Thomas Jefferson is not a famous orator, he has a great skill in writing and corresponded with several important people in Europe and America all through his adult life.
As long as Thomas Jefferson existed, he expressed his disagreement to slavery, yet he possessed many slaves and freed only some of them. Generally, historians consider that after the bereavement of his wife, Thomas Jefferson had a long-tenure association with Sally Hemings, his slave and fathered a few or all of her kids. Even though criticized by several existing scholars over the problems of slavery and racism, Thomas Jefferson is always rated as one among the greatest presidents of the United States.
Thomas Jefferson died on the 4th of July 1826 at the age of 93 in Charlottesville in Virginia.