Facts about Szechwan Speckled Pitviper Snake. "Scientific name for Szechwan Speckled Pitviper Snake is Protobothrops jerdonii xanthomelas". Szechwan Speckled Pitviper Snake is a poisonous variety of snake that belongs to the genus Trimeresurus of the Viperidae family. The Szechwan Speckled Pitviper Snakes are prevalent in India, particularly in Assam, Tibet, Burma, Vietnam and China. Their range extends from Assam in India, to the northern parts of Burma to Tibet, to Szechwan, Hupeh and Yunnan in China, and Vietnam.
Features Szechwan Speckled Pitviper Snake
Usually, female Szechwan Speckled Pitviper snakes have a longer body and a longer tail than the male ones, with a maximum body length of 39 inches (99 cm)and a maximum tail length of 6 3/16 inches (9.1cm). On the other hand, the male snakes have a body length of 32 9/16 inches (83.5cm), with a tail length of 5 5/16 inches (13.9cm).
When considering the scales of the Szechwan Speckled Pitviper snakes, they have dorsal scales in 21 longitudinal lines in the middle part of their body. Usually, the Szechwan Speckled Pitviper Snakes have the snout length a bit more than two times the diameter of their eye. The top part of the head of the Szechwan Speckled Pitviper Snakes is covered by small, uneven, soft scales that are feebly juxtaposed or imbricate, except for big supraoculars and internasals. The first labial is totally separated from nasal scales by means of a suture, and the internasals are separated by one to two small scales. There are six to nine small scales in row between supraoculars. There are seven to eight upper labials, such that the third and the fourth upper labials are situated beneath their eye, in touch with sub-ocular or alienated by a maximum of a single sequence of small scales. Usually, male Szechwan Speckled Pitviper Snakes have 164 to 88 ventrals and 50 to 78 subcaudals, whereas the females have 167 to 193 ventrals and 44 to 76 subcaudals.
The Szechwan Speckled Pitviper Snake is a nocturnal snake and it mostly lives in the rocky banks of streams with waterfalls and cascades, distinguished by leftover poly-dominant rain forests alternating with minor bamboo forest. The Szechwan Speckled Pitviper Snakes can also be seen in grassy meadows in regions where the forest has been completely destroyed.
Diet of Szechwan Speckled Pitviper Snake
Adult Szechwan Speckled Pitvipper mostly feeds on rats, and the juveniles of these snakes feed on frogs, particularly Rhacophoridae and Ranidae.
This boldly attractive Szechwan Speckled Pitviper Snake is at home in the elevated mountains of the southwestern part of China. It lives in the midst of the rocks in the green hillsides. The Szechwan Speckled Pitviper Snake behavior is directly associated with climate. If the weather condition is damp, the snake will sit on rocks and relax in the sunshine. However, if the weather becomes dry, it will conceal beneath the ground in rock splits. Usually, the Szechwan Speckled Pitviper snake varieties are nonviolent, and they seldom bite unless they are aggravated.
Following chilly nights in April and May months, the Szechwan Speckled Pitviper Snakes will lie around at temperatures as low as (50 fahrenheit) (10 degrees Centigrade). Mating in these pet vipers usually takes place during April. The Szechwan Speckled Pitviper Snakes are viviparous, and the female snake offers birth to five to eight juveniles.
Venom of Szechwan Speckled Pitviper Snake is considered hemotoxic and medically significant to humans. A common nickname given to this snake by locals is "100 pace snake", in reference to the legend that when a person is bitten by a snake he or she can walk at least 100 more steps before dropping dead. Scientific name for snake Serpentes.