Shanghai is the biggest city in China by population and the major city proper by inhabitants in the world. It is one among the four direct-restricted municipalities, with inhabitants of over 24 million as of the year 2013. It is a worldwide financial and a transport center with the busiest container harbor of the world. The city is situated in the Yangtze River Delta in the eastern part of China, and it sits at the entrance of the Yangtze in the middle part of the Chinese coastline. The city is bounded by the China Sea in the east and the provinces of Zhejiang and Jiangsu in the west, north, and the south.
The history of Shanghai goes back more than a thousand years and intimately parallels the growth of modern China. At first, Shanghai was a small undeveloped village, and it expanded as one among the major trading ports of China during the late Qing Dynasty. During the economic changes of the early 1990s, Shanghai has burgeoned to turn out to be one among the financial centers of Asia and the busiest container harbor of the world.
Even though the confirmation of human activity in the Shanghai area extends back to 5000 B.C., the first correct settlement did not come out pending the 5th to 7th centuries A.D. in the structure of an undersized fishing village situated in a marshy area where the Suzhou Creek penetrates the Huangpu River. Situated some 19 km (12 miles) from the passage of the Yangtze River, which is the major inland water highway of China, this stream was at that time recognized as the Hu, owing to the fishing traps in the river and had its resource in the close by Lake Tai.
The Shanghai City has a moist subtropical climate and it experiences four different seasons. Winters are damp and chilly, and chilly northwesterly winds from Siberia can result in nocturnal temperatures to fall below freezing, even though the majority of the year is only a few days of snowstorm. The summers are humid and hot, with an average of 8.7 days more than 95 F (35 C) yearly, and rare downpours or freak showers can be anticipated. The Shanghai City is also vulnerable to typhoons during summer and the start of autumn. The most enjoyable seasons are spring, even though variable and often raining, and autumn, which is usually sunlit and dry.
Shanghai is the financial and commercial hub of mainland China, and ranks 20th among the worldwide financial hubs. It was the biggest and the wealthiest city in the Far East during the 1930s, and fast re-development started during 1990s. This is demonstrated by the Pudong District, which turned into a pilot region for incorporating economic reforms. There were 787 financial organizations in the city by the end of 2009, among which 170 were foreign-endowed.
The Shanghai City has a wide public transport system, mostly based on buses, metros, and taxis. Compensation for all these public shipping tools can be made, using the Public Transportation Card of Shanghai. The Shanghai Metro, the rapid transit system of the city includes both passageway and light railway lines and expands to every interior urban district, including adjacent suburban districts. At present, there are about 14 metro lines, 329 terminals and 334 miles (538 km) of tracks in use, making it the longest system in the world.
The Shanghai City took the leading spot during the 2009 and 2012 educational program for global student evaluation, the international study of educational performance of 15-year-old learners organized by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. Shanghai learners, including immigrant children, scored maximum marks in each aspect in the world. The public-aided schools in the city have the highest enlightening quality in the world.
Due to the status of the Shanghai City as the economic and cultural hub of East Asia during the initial half of the 20th century, it is widely observed as the origin of everything considered contemporary in China. It was in this city, the initial motor car was driven and the first railway tracks and contemporary sewers were laid. The city was also the academic front line between socialist authors who focused on critical pragmatism.