Richmond is the capital city of the Commonwealth state of Virginia, the one among the 50 states in the United States. The city is the hub of the Greater Richmond Region and Richmond City Statistical Area. It has been a self-governing city since 1871. According to the U.S. 2010 census, the population of the Richmond City was 204,214 and in the year in 2013, the city’s population was 214,114, that makes Richmond the fourth-most densely inhabited city in the Virginia State. The Metropolitan Area of the Richmond City has a population of 1,208,101.
The Richmond City is situated at the descending line of the James River, 71 km (44 miles) western side of Williamsburg, 106 km (66 miles) eastern side of Charlottesville, and 158 km (98 miles) southern side of Washington, D.C. the city is bordered by Chesterfield and Henrico counties, and it is situated at the junctions of the Interstate 64 and the Interstate 95, and surrounded by the Virginia State Route 288 and the Interstate 295. Most important suburbs in the city include Glen Allen to the west and north, Midlothian to the southwest, Mechanicsville to the northeast and Short Pump to the west.
The location of the Richmond City had been a vital rural community of the Powhatan Confederacy, and was temporarily established by English settlers from Jamestown during 1609, and during the period 1610 to 1611. The current Richmond City was formed during 1737. It became the capital city of the settlement and Dominion of Virginia during 1780. During the period of the Revolutionary War, numerous noteworthy events took place in the city, as well as the "Give me liberty or give me death" speech of Patrick Henry, an American planter, lawyer, and politician, during 1775 at an Episcopal church, the St. John's Church, and the passage of the book “Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom” written by an the Founding Fathers of America, Thomas Jefferson. During the Civil War of America, the Richmond City functioned as the capital of the American Confederate States. The city penetrated the 20th century, with one among the world's first winning electric streetcar systems of the world, including as a national centre of African-American trade and culture, the Jackson Ward area.
The Richmond City has a moist subtropical type of weather, with hot and damp summers and usually cool winters. The city is on the line between temperate and subtropical climates. The mountains on the western side of the city act as a limited barrier to eruptions of chilly, continental air during winter. The open waters of the Atlantic Ocean and the Chesapeake Bay contribute to the moist summers and gentle winters.
The economy of the Richmond City is chiefly driven by finance, law and government, with central, state, and local legislative agencies, in addition to prominent legal and banking companies, which are situated in the downtown region. The city is an abode to both the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, one among the twelve Federal Reserve Banks and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 4th Circuit, one among the thirteen U.S. courts of appeals. The headquarters of the Fortune 500 companies, Dominion Resources and MeadWestvaco are located in the Richmond City, with others in the city area.