Quebec is a province in the east-central part of Canada. It is the solitary province of Canada, which includes the majority of the French-speaking inhabitants, and the only province to boast French as its only provincial authorized language.
Quebec is the biggest province of Canada by land area and the second-major organizational division of Canada, and it is only the larger territory of Nunavut. Quebec is bounded by the province of Ontario, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the west, by the Ungava Bay and Hudson Strait to the north, by the province of Newfoundland and Labrador and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence to the east. On the south, the province is surrounded on by the New Brunswick province and the US states of New Hampshire, Maine, New York and Vermont. It as well, shares sea borders with the Prince Edward Island, Nunavut, and Nova Scotia.
Quebec is the second most heavily populated province of Canada. Most residents of Canada reside in urban regions close to the Saint Lawrence River between the Quebec City and Montreal. English-talking communities and English-lingo institutes are situated on the western side of the Montreal Island, but they are as well, extensively present in the Eastern Townships, Outaouais, and Gaspé areas. The Nord-du-Québec area, absorbing the northern half of the Quebec province, is thinly inhabited and populated chiefly by Aboriginal inhabitants.
Quebec freedom disputes have played a vital role in the politics of the Quebec province. The governments of the Parti Quebecois held referendums on power during 1980 and 1995, such that both were nominated down by the electors, the latter overpowered by an extremely narrow margin.
During the primary European contact and afterward colonization, Iroquois, Algonquian, and Inuit countries controlled the current Quebec province. Their cultures and lifestyles reproduced the land on which they survived. Algonquians structured into seven political bodies and lived nomadic lives derived from gathering, hunting, and fishing in the rocky land of the Canadian Shield. A division of the Iroquois lived more advanced lives, cultivating beans, corn, and squash in the lush soils of the St. Lawrence Valley. Later, they emerge to have been supplanted by the Mohawk country. The Inuit groups maintain to fish and hunt seal and whale in the insensitive Arctic type of weather down the coastlines of the Ungava and Hudson Bay. These inhabitants traded food and fur and occasionally, fought with each other.
The Quebec province has three major climate regions. The western and the southern parts of Quebec, including the majority of the chief population centers, have a moist continental type of weather with four different seasons having hot to rarely hot and moist summers and regularly extremely cold and hoary winters. The major climatic influences are from the north and the western Canada and go eastward, and from the central and the southern parts of the United States that go northward. Due to the control of both tempest systems from the heart of the Atlantic Ocean and North America, rainfall is copious all through the year, with nearly all areas getting the rainfall of over 1,000 mm (39 inches), including more than 300 cm (120 inches) of snow in several areas.
While the considerable natural resources of the Quebec province have long been the basis of its economy, areas of the knowledge economy, like information and communication technologies, aerospace, the pharmaceutical industry and biotechnology play vital roles, as well. These several industries have all contributed to assisting the Quebec province to turn out to be an extremely economically powerful province in Canada.