Facts about Pachysandra Plant, the Pachysandra is in the family of Buxaceae of the order Buxales, and belongs to a genus that includes five species of evergreen perennials. More commonly known as “subshrubs,” Pachysandra are native to Asia and North America in the southeast. We get the moniker Pachysandra from the Greek “pachy,” meaning thick, and “andros,” meaning male. This refers to the thick stamens of the flower.
The Pachysandra Plant height reaches between 8 to 17 1/2 inches or (20 to 45 cm) and it has fragile wooden stems. The Pachysandra leaves are leathery and coarse with toothed margins. The Pachysandra leaves grow to 2 to 4 inches or (5 to 10 cm). Pachsyandra do best in deep-shade areas and make excellent ground cover for shade gardens. This plant is also deer-resistant, which makes it a popular choice among gardeners.
The Pachysandra Terminalis variety is native to Japan and is commonly used as a border shrub in woodland gardens. This variety grows between 6 to 12 inches or (15 to 30 cm). The Pachysandra Plant is an aggressive grower and is able to adapt to its climate to continue propagation. This makes the Pachysandra Terminalis easy to care with only minor maintenance needed. The Pachysandra Terminalis blooms white flowers in the spring and has beautiful evergreen leaves throughout the year.
Pachysandra Axillaris, also known as “Windcliff Pachysandra,” hails from China and is another variety of ground cover shrub. It has a maximum height of 4 inches or (10 cm) and grows best in moist soil. The Pachysandra Axillaris shares the same white flower and evergreen leaves as other Pachysandra varieties.
In the United States we have the Pachysandra Procumbens variety, or “Allegheny Spurge.” It has a spread of 12 to 24 inches or (30 to 60 cm) and grows to 6 to 10 inches or (15 to 25 cm). Like all Pachysandra, it does its best in moist soil, blooms in the spring and is noted as very deer-resistant.