Facts about Ningxiang pigs. The Ningxiang pig is a domestic breed of pig that is native to China. The Ningxiang Pig breed is of the Central China category and they originated in the of China’s Hunas. n Province in the belt of the Central Subtropics. The Ningxiang Pigs are primarily raised for lard and the breed is normally accommodated and hand-fed throughout the year. The Ningxiang Pig are called by different names in different countries. The Ningxiang Pig big breed is commonly called as the Ninsyan or Ninsya in Russia and as the Ning-Chang in Germany.
The saliva of Ningxiang Pigs contains pheromones-( A chemical substance used to attract a mate) similar to that of other pig breeds that communicate their sexual wants. The male Ningxiang Pigs discharge this steroid and female pigs will go to vast lengths to acquire a smell of the sent.
Ningxiang Pigs are raised for there meat such as ham, sausage, bacon and pork chops. Pigs can make great pets. "A wild male pig is called a boar"- meaning uncastrated male pig, that lives in the wild and can be hunted. "Feral pig or hog is defined as a wild boar" can be a very big danger where humans habitat.
The color pattern of the hair coat of the Ningxiang pig breed has been portrayed as black color clouds projecting snows in the midst of a silver ring about the neck. The back part of the body of the Ningxiang Pig breed is somewhat concave, and the belly of the breed is pendulous and pouched. The back fat of this pig breed has a thickness of 1 19/32 inches (4 cm) and the average litter size of the breed is 11.5 piglets and the pig has seven pairs of teats.
The Ningxiang pig breed was approved the geological indication trademark by the China’s State Administration for Industry and Commerce on the 27th of December. The Ningxiang Pig breed is the lone livestock product that takes pleasure in the shelter of such a trademark.
Ningxiang pig breed is an uncommon local pig with outstanding meat quality and a significant gene pool of organic resources. The Ningxiang Pig breed is also recognized as the agricultural treasures of the Hunan Province of China, in conjunction with Xiang lotus seeds and Wugang bronze goose. The breeding practice of the Ningxiang pig breed has a history of almost one thousand years. It has turned out to be a famous breed of pig in the world for its fragile, malleable and delicious meat. However, it has turned out to be an endangered variety of pig, owing to a variety of factors since the 1980s.
Porcine endogenous retrovirus in the conservation of Ningxiang pig
The porcine endogenous retrovirus differs according to the pig breeds. Screening and investigation of porcine endogenous retrovirus in the supposed pig breeds may supply basic constraints to assess the biological protection of xenotransplantation to human beings from pigs. In this investigation, the porcine endogenous retrovirus was examined among the protection population of the Ningxiang pig breed. The result exposed that the distribution of the genotype of porcine endogenous retrovirus was 100% subtype A, 100% subtype B, 100% and 100% subtype C. The environment sequences of porcine endogenous retrovirus A and B showed 11 genetic copies were detected and revealed that there existed manifold variants of porcine endogenous retrovirus A and B in the Ningxiang pig breed.
The results of the overturn transcriptase polymerase sequence response revealed that the porcine endogenous retrovirus had transcriptional activity in the Ningxiang Pig breeds. Additionally, the recombinant porcine endogenous retroviruses were noticed in nearly all individuals of the Ningxiang pig breed. Because the recombinant porcine endogenous retroviruses recombinant increases the possible infectious hazard, the Ningxiang pig breed may not be an appropriate contributor for the xenotransplantation to human beings. The comprehensive mitochondrial genome chain of the Ningxiang pig breed in the Hunan Province offers important information for additional study regarding genetic mechanism.
Ningxiang Pigs can carry a variety of diseases and can pass them to humans. Ningxiang Pigs have small lungs compared to their body size.
The term Swine: is any variety of omnivorous, even-toed ungulates of the family Suidae, this includes hogs, boars and pigs having a short neck, thick skin a movable snout and a stout body.
Ningxiang Pigs unlike is said, happen to be very clean animals. Pigs make sure their bathroom area is far away from where they eat, lie down and rest, even piglets (baby pigs) will find a place to go to the bathroom, far away from their nest. A Ningxiang Pig averages 8 to 10 baby piglets in a litter and will have two to three litters per year. The sows nurse their piglets for about three to five weeks. When Piglets are weaned off of their mother’s milk, they are not called piglets but are known as shoats. Piglets at birth weigh about 2.5 pounds (1.1 kilograms), and on average, will double their weight in one week.
Ningxiang Pigs Feet
The four feet and four toes of the pig are called "trotters" that humans eat as a delicacy called pigs feet or pigs knuckles. A Ningxiang Pigs foot has four toes that are pointed downwards when the pig walks, it walks on the tips of its toes, rather than its whole foot and only uses two of the toes in the middle and the outside toes for balance. The Ningxiang Pig has tougher feet at the ends that are hooves. The two toes in the middle of the foot are slightly webbed, this helps the pigs balance for walking.
Ningxiang Pigs have 44 teeth when full grown, when they are baby pigs (piglets) the have 28 teeth which will fall out when they are 12 months old. Just like human teeth, the Ningxiang Pig has an enamel coating that makes the pigs teeth stronger and helps it curb disease. Ningxiang Pigs chew their food because pigs have a digestive system similar to a human digestive system and cannot digest food that is not chewed.
A pig is the last of the 12 animals in the Chinese zodiac. The pig represents, happiness, honesty, fortune and virility in China. A female adult pig is called a (sow) and the male adult wild pig is called a (boar). The lifespan of a Ningxiang Pig is between 9 and 15 years
Ningxiang Pigs do not sweat a lot, that's why they cover themselves in the mud to keep their bodies cool. The expression "sweating like a pig" comes from a reference to pig iron, which comes form iron smelting.
Ningxiang Pigs are very intelligent, not like people think, that pigs are dumb animals. A Ningxiang Pig can drink between 10 to 14 gallons (37.8 to 53 liters)of water in a day. Ningxiang Pigs are omnivores like humans, an omnivores, (definition-they eat both other animals and plants). The Ningxiang Pig snout is its most important tool for finding food. The pigs snout is used for their excellent sense of smell and they have poor eyesight.
"Scientific name for Pig Sus scrofa", the wild swine (Boar) from the old world with a narrow body and prominent tusks is from where most domestic swine come from. The "fear of pigs Swinophobia".