Nashville is the county seat of the Davidson County and the capital city of the Tennessee State in the United States. The city is situated on the banks of the Cumberland River in the north-central fraction of the state. The city is a major hub for the healthcare, music, publishing, transportation and banking industries, and it is the home to a huge number of universities and colleges. Mirroring the position of the city in state government, the Nashville City is the abode to the courthouse of the Tennessee Supreme Court in Middle Tennessee. It is acknowledged as a hub of the music industry, acquiring the city the nickname "Music City".
The Nashville City has a combined city–county administration that includes six smaller boroughs in a two-tier system. According to the 2010 census, the population of the city, not counting the semi-autonomous municipalities, was 601,222. The population of Davidson County in the city, as a whole, counting all boroughs, was 626,681. The Nashville City is the second biggest city in the state, and the fifth biggest city in the Southeastern part of the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population of the whole 13-county Nashville city area was 1,589,934, making it the biggest Metropolitan Statistical Area in Tennessee.
The Nashville City has a moist subtropical type of weather with generally chilly to fairly cold winters, and burning, humid summers. During the winter months, snowstorm occurs in the Nashville City, but it is generally not heavy. The city experiences the average yearly snowfall of 16 cm (6.3 inches), falling generally during January and February and rarely March and December. Rainfall in the city is usually greater during November and December, and spring, as August to October is the desiccated months on average. The fall and spring are usually warm, but prone to harsh thunderstorms, which rarely bring tornadoes. In current decades, owing to urban growth, the Nashville City has urbanized an urban heat island, particularly on chilly, clear nights, and temperatures are equal to 5.6 C (10 F) warmer in the central part of the city than in countryside outlying regions.
As the Nashville City is the abode of country music, the city has turned out to be a main music recording and production hub. All of the major record labels, in addition to many independent labels, have their offices in the Nashville City, typically in the Music Row region. The city has been the abode to the head office of Gibson, the renowned guitar business, since 1984. The city has been the greatest music production hub in the United States since the 1960s. The music industry of the Nashville City is estimated to encompass a total financial impact of US$6.4 billion per year as of 2006 and to give 19,000 jobs to the Nashville region. Even though the Nashville City is celebrated as a music recording hub and traveler destination, its major industry is, in fact, the health care. The city is the abode to over 300 health care service providers, as well as the Hospital Corporation of America, the major private operator of sanatoriums in the world.