Mexico City is the central district and the capital of Mexico. The city is legitimately recognized as México, D. F., or just D. F., and it is the seat of the central powers of the union. It is a central body in Mexico, which is not a part of any of the 31 states of Mexico, but it belongs to the alliance as a whole. The Mexico City is the biggest city in the country, and it is also the most important cultural, political, enlightening and financial center of Mexico.
The city, which is currently recognized as Mexico City was founded by the Aztecs, people of certain tribal groups of central Mexico, as a city-state during 1325. After about a century, it became the leading city-state of the Aztec Triple Alliance, fashioned during 1430 and composed of Texcoco, Tenochtitlan and Tlacopan. At its summit, Tenochtitlan had huge palaces and temples, a massive ritual center, residences of religious, political, merchants and military. Its minimum population was predictable 100,000 and possibly as high as 200,000 during 1519 when the Spaniards initially saw it. After independence during 1821 to the existing period, the Mexico City continues to be the biggest and the vital city of the country.
The Mexico City includes a subtropical upland climate, owing to its tropical position and high altitude. The lower area of the valley gets less rainfall than the upper areas of the south. The average yearly temperature ranges from 54 F to 61 F (12 C to 16 C), according to the height of the area. Rarely, the temperature will be less than 37 F (3 C) or more than 86 F (30 C). The lowest temperature of the city ever recorded was 24.1 F (−4.4 C), and the maximum temperature on record is 93.0 F (33.9 C). However, several municipalities in the city area and southern areas acquire temperatures less than 0 during the winter season.
The Mexico City is one among the vital economic centers in Latin America. The city proper creates 15.8% of the gross domestic product of the country. It has a gross domestic product of $390 billion, standing as the eighth wealthiest city in the world. The city has one among the fastest-developing economies in the world and its gross domestic product is set to two times by 2020
The Mexico City is catered by a 140-mile (225.9 km) metro system, called the Sistema de Transporte Colectivo, which is the biggest in Latin America. The primary portions were opened during 1969 and it has increased to 12 lines with 195 terminals. The metro is one among the busiest systems in the world, transporting about 4.5 million citizens daily, exceeded only by subway lines in Moscow, Tokyo and the New York City. It is greatly subsidized, and has the lowest prices in the world. Many stations exhibit pre-Columbian relics and architecture that were revealed during the construction of the metro. However, the metro system of the city covers below half of the entire urban area.
The Mexico’s National Autonomous University, situated in the Mexico City, is the biggest university on the continent, with over 300,000 students from all environments. Several Mexican entrepreneurs, three Nobel laureates and most of latter-day presidents of Mexico are among its previous students. The university organizes 50% of the scientific research of Mexico and has the existence all across the nation with observatories, satellite campuses and research centers. It is ranked 74th in the leading 200 World University during 2006, making it the top ranked Spanish-tongue university in the world.
The Mexico City is a vital cultural hub, having been the capital of a huge pre-Hispanic kingdom, and also the capital of the wealthiest viceroyalty of the Spanish kingdom and, lastly, the wealth of the United Mexican States. The city has a wealthy history of creative expression. Ever since the Meso-American pre-Classical era, the occupants of the settlements about Lake Texcoco created several works of art and multifaceted craftsmanship, some of which are exhibited today at the world-famous Templo Mayor museum and the National Museum of Anthropology.