Facts about Jinhua Pigs. The Jinhua is a domestic pig breed that is native to China. The Jinhua Pigs are largely found in the Province of Zhejiang in China. The "Jinhua Pig" breed is exemplified by its meat quality. The Jinhua Pig breeds have black color hair, cultivating on their heads and hindquarters with white color midsections. The Jinhua Pig breeds have a white color body, with black color at their head and rump. This shows the way to call them with the common name, the Two End Black. The back part and loins of the Jinhua Pig breeds are somewhat curved. The Jinhua pig breed is particularly renowned for its fine bones, thin skin, and tender meat. Subsequent to special processing, the ham of the Jinhua pig is preferred for its attractive rosy color and taste, and the Jinhua Pig has a high status in the worldwide market.
The Jinhua pig breed belongs to a category of pig found in the central part of China, the area between the Zhujiang and Changjiang rivers where the type of weather is temperate and damp. The region is wealthy in feed and particularly copious in water and green plants that are used as pig feeds. Generally, the Jinhua pigs in this area are penned and well administered.
Jinhua pigs are the early maturing breeds and they are capable of mating as premature as three to four months after their birth. The Jinhua Pigs are quite prolific with a mean litter size of 10 to 12 piglets and seven pairs of teats. The sows nurse their piglets for about three to five weeks. When Piglets are weaned off of their mother’s milk, they are not called piglets but are known as shoats. Piglets at birth weigh about 2.5 pounds (1.1 kilograms), and on average, will double their weight in one week.
The ham of the Jinhua pig is conventionally prepared by making use of the hind legs. The production of ham starts when the air temperatures drop less than 50 ºF (10 degrees Celsius). The procedure takes just about eight to ten months to complete. The production of ham in the Jinhua Pig breeds starts during the winter season and ending the next autumn season. Usually, the production process of ham in the Jinhua Pigs is divided into six stages, such as:
1. Meat training
3. Sopping and cleaning
4. Dehydrating and shaping
6. Post- Seasoning
The first mention of the processing technique of the ham of the Jinhua pig is recorded during the Tang Dynasty, and this technique of dehydrated ham making is reported by some have been in turn passed on to Europe by a merchant traveler from Venice, Marco Polo. The name Jinhua was presented by the first monarch of the Southern Song period. The ham of the Jinhua pig is highly regarded in Chinese cooking, and it may be used in preparing soup stock or consumed as a part of a cold meat dish, imparting its distinctive and savory taste to any dish. Jinhua pig’s ham is a vital ingredient in the dish it has been praised in Chinese literature, and was highly featured in the Qing dynasty novel when the cooking of the upper class was being explained.
The perfect ham of the Jinhua pig will contain certain physical features, like glossy and soft yellow outside. It is round in shape in the bamboo leaf style, a tiny joint and hoof, a slender and thin bone. It has a plentiful layer of fat, surrounded by the dark and red colored meat, a marked, but pleasant smell. It is an excellent textured meat with lofty levels of intramuscular fat, and a flavor that is very salty, savoir and sweet. The exterior of the ham of the Jinhua Pig breed may have small quantities of mold, but this is measured normal and thought to give to the taste of the ham.
Jinhua Pigs Feet
The four feet and four toes of the pig are called "trotters" that humans eat as a delicacy called pigs feet or pigs knuckles. A Jinhua Pigs foot has four toes that are pointed downwards when the pig walks, it walks on the tips of its toes, rather than its whole foot and only uses two of the toes in the middle and the outside toes for balance. The Jinhua Pig has tougher feet at the ends that are hooves. The two toes in the middle of the foot are slightly webbed, this helps the pigs balance for walking.
The saliva of Jinhua Pigs contains pheromones-( A chemical substance used to attract a mate) similar to that of other pig breeds that communicate their sexual wants. The male Jinhua Pigs discharge this steroid and female pigs will go to vast lengths to acquire a smell of the sent.
"A wild male pig is called a boar"- meaning uncastrated male pig, that lives in the wild and can be hunted. "Feral pig or hog is defined as a wild boar" can be a very big danger where humans habitat.
Jinhua Pigs can carry a variety of diseases. Jinhua Pigs have small lungs compared to their body size.
The term Swine: is any variety of omnivorous, even-toed ungulates of the family Suidae, this includes hogs, boars and pigs having a short neck, thick skin a movable snout and a stout body.
Jinhua Pigs unlike is said, happen to be very clean animals. Jinhua Pigs make sure their bathroom area is far away from where they eat, lie down and rest, even piglets (baby pigs) will find a place to go to the bathroom, far away from their nest.
Jinhua Pigs have 44 teeth when full grown, when they are baby pigs (piglets) the have 28 teeth which will fall out when they are 12 months old. Just like human teeth, the Jinhua Pig has an enamel coating that makes the pigs teeth stronger and helps it curb disease. Jinhua Pigs chew their food because pigs have a digestive system similar to a human digestive system and cannot digest food that is not chewed.
A pig is the last of the 12 animals in the Chinese zodiac. The pig represents, happiness, honesty, fortune and virility in China. A female adult Jinhua Pig is called a (sow) and the male adult wild pig is called a (boar). The lifespan of a Jinhua Pig is between 9 and 15 years
Jinhua Pigs do not sweat a lot, that's why they cover themselves in the mud to keep their bodies cool. The expression "sweating like a pig" comes from a reference to pig iron, which comes form iron smelting.
Jinhua Pigs are very intelligent, not like people think, that pigs are dumb animals. A Jinhua Pig can drink between 10 to 14 gallons (37.8 to 53 liters)of water in a day. Pigs are omnivores like humans, an omnivores, (definition-they eat both other animals and plants). The Jinhua Pig snout is its most important tool for finding food. The Jinhua Pigs snout is used for their excellent sense of smell and they have poor eyesight.
"Scientific name for Pig Sus scrofa", the wild swine (Boar) from the old world with a narrow body and prominent tusks is from where most domestic swine come from. The "fear of pigs Swinophobia".