Category: US President
James Madison (1809-1817)
James Madison was born on the 16th of March in 1751 in Port Conway in Virginia Colony. James Madison was the fourth American President during the period from 1809 to 1817. James Madison is an American political theorist and a statesman, and he is an active writer of the Constitution of the United States, the chief champion and writer of the Bill of Rights and hence, he is called as the Father of the Constitution. James Madison dedicated much of his adult life to politics.
After the U.S. Constitution had been written, James Madison became one of the political leaders in the movement to approve it. His teamwork with the founding father of America, Alexander Hamilton and with an American Patriot, statesman, diplomat, and the founding father of America, John Jay prepared the 1788 Federalist Papers. At that time, they were distributed only in New York, and later, they were considered among the vital treatises in favor of the Constitution.
James Madison was a delegate to the Virginia constitutional passing meeting, as well.James Madison was active in the thriving ratification attempt in Virginia. Similar to the majority of his colleagues, James Madison transformed his political outlooks during his life. During the writing and passing of the constitution, James Madison supported a physically powerful national government, though soon after he grew to support stronger state governments, earlier than settling between the two extremes later during his life.
James Madison was chosen as a leader in the fresh House of Representatives in 1789, drafting several basic laws. James Madison is famous for drafting the initial ten revisions to the Constitution, and thus is recognized as the "Father of the Bill of Rights". James Madison worked intimately with George Washington, then President of the United States, to organize the new central government. Breaking the association with Hamilton and what developed into the Federalist Party during 1791, with Thomas Jefferson, James Madison organized a new party called the Republican Party.
James Madison worked as the Secretary of State in Jefferson cabinet from 1801 to 1809. During this period, James Madison administered the Louisiana Purchase that doubled the size of the country. After James Madison was elected as the President of the United States, he presided over the renewed wealth for a number of years. As the American President, James Madison led the country into the 1812 War of 1812, following the failure of political protests and a trade ban against Great Britain. James Madison was reacting to British infringements on American honor and rights, and additionally, he sought to end the pressure of the British among their Indian associates, whose struggle to block the United States resolution in the Midwest about the Great Lakes. James Madison found the conflict to be an organizational nightmare, as America had neither a powerful army nor economic system. Consequently, later, James Madison supported a more powerful national government and strong armed forces, in addition to the national bank that he had long opposed. Similar to other statesmen of Virginia in the slave culture, James Madison was a slaveholder, who had taken over his Montpelier farm, and possessed hundreds of slaves throughout his lifetime to plant tobacco and other yields. James Madison supported the Three-Fifths Negotiation that allowed 3/5th of the enumerated people of slaves to be reckoned for representation.
James Madison died on the 17th of May in 1829 at the age of 83 years at Bedford, New York.