Category: US President
James A. Garfield
James Abram Garfield was born on the 19th of November in 1831 in Moreland Hills, Ohio. James A. Garfield served the United States as the twentieth President of the country, following serving in the House of Representatives of the United States for nine terms from 1863 to 1880. The presidential term of James A. Garfield lasted only for 200 days, from the 4th of 1881 until his death. James A. Garfield was shot by Charles J. Guiteau, who was an American writer, preacher, and attorney. James Abram Garfield was the second president of the United States, who served as the president for a short period, the earlier president being William Henry Harrison, who served as president for only 31 days. James A. Garfield was the second president among the four presidents of the United States who were assassinated.
James A. Garfield was brought in modest circumstances on an Ohio ranch by his elder brother and widowed mother. James A. Garfield worked many different jobs to fund his higher learning. He attended Williams College in Williamstown, Massachusetts. James A. Garfield graduated from there in 1856. After one year, Garfield had actively participated in the politics of America as a Republican, subsequent to campaigning for the anti-slavery platform of his party in Ohio.
In 1858, James Abram Garfield married Lucretia Rudolph, and in 1860, he was allowed to practice law at the same time as working as a Senator of the Ohio State during the period from 1859 to 1861. James A. Garfield conflicted Confederate secession, and he served as a major general in the United States Army at the time of the American Civil War. James A. Garfield battled in the wars of Middle Creek in Shiloh, and in Chickamauga.
James A. Garfield was first designated to Congress during 1862 as a delegate of the nineteenth District of Ohio. All through his comprehensive Congressional service subsequent to the Civil War, he has passionately shown his dissatisfaction to the Greenback, and gained a status as an expert orator. He was Chairman of the Appropriations Committee and the Military Affairs Committee and he was an affiliate of the Ways and Means Committee. At first, James A. Garfield agreed with the views of the Radical Republican on the subject of Reconstruction, and then, he supported a reasonable approach for civil human rights enforcement for a previous slave who has been unconfined from slavery.
In 1880, James A. Garfield was elected to the United States Senate by the Ohio legislature, and during the same year, the foremost Republican presidential candidates, James G. Blaine, Ulysses S. Grant, and John Sherman failed to acquire the necessary support at their meeting. James A. Garfield turned out to be the compromise candidate of the party for the Presidential Election in 1880 and he productively campaigned to beat the Democratic candidate, Winfield Hancock in the presidential election. He is the solitary sitting congressman to have been chosen for the post of president.
The achievements of James A. Garfield as president incorporated a brief renaissance of presidential power over senatorial politeness in decision-making appointments, energizing the naval power of America, and abolition of bribery in the Post Office. James A. Garfield made distinguished judiciary and diplomatic appointments, as well as a Supreme Court justice of the United States. He appointed quite a lot of African-Americans to important federal positions. As the President of the country, James A. Garfield supported a bi-metal financial system, an educated electorate, agricultural technology and social rights for African-Americans. James A. Garfield proposed considerable civil service reform, finally passed by Congress during 1883 and signed into regulation by Chester A. Arthur, the successor of Garfield, of the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act.
James A. Garfield died on the 19th of September in 1881 at the age of 49 years in Elberon, New Jersey.